💰 5 Popular Freedom Fighters Behind India's Independence - ALLRefer

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While we are aware of several freedom fighters and revolutionaries, many have remained unsung heroes. We have made best efforts to present some of the most prominent freedom activists and revolutionaries who made immense contribution towards India’s struggle for freedom. Tantia Tope (1814 – 18 April 1859)


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Top 10 Freedom Fighters in India
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A freedom fighter is a person engaged in a resistance movement against what they believe to be an oppressive and illegitimate government.
Here are some best freedom fighters the excellent freedom fighters.
Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi best freedom fighters October 1869 — 30 January 1948 was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.
Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom best freedom fighters the world.
The can best clam casino dip theme Mahatma applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa.
Now it is used worldwide.
He is also called Bapu in India.
He was born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, western India and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London.
Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km Dandi Salt March in 1930 and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942.
He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the best freedom fighters Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha.
He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest.
Indians widely describe Gandhi as the father of the nation.
His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday and world-wide as the International Day of Nonviolence.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal Gangadhar Tilak 23 July 1856 — 1 August 1920 born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak.
He was an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist.
He was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Tilak being a strong vocal advocate of Swaraj, did not see eye to eye with Mahatma Gandhi on the means of achieving source />Born into a Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj.
Lala Lajpat Rai was killed at the hands of the police.
Bhagat Singh wanted revenge for this incidence.
He became involved in the murder of the British Police Officer John Saunders.
The police tried to capture him.
However, Bhagat Singh was successful in avoiding arrest.
He made a plan to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly.
He partnered with Batukeshwar Dutt for this task.
He bombarded the assembly with two bombs.
They were shouting slogans of revolution and threw pamphlets.
After the bombarding, they surrendered.
He underwent a 116 day fast in jail and so he did not have food for that long.
He did this to demand equal political rights for both British and Indian political prisoners.
He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder, aged 23.
His legacy prompted youth in India to begin fighting for Indian independence and he continues to be a youth idol in modern India.
Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru 14 November 1889 — 27 May 1964 was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian best freedom fighters for much of the 20th century.
He emerged best freedom fighters the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964.
During his lifetime, he was popularly known as Pandit Nehru or as Panditji, while many Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru.
Nehru was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple where he trained to be a barrister.
Upon his return to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court and took an interest in national politics which eventually replaced his legal practice.
Bhimrao Ambedkar 14 April 1891 — 6 December 1956popularly known as Babasaheb.
He was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables Dalitswomen and labour.
In his early career he was an economist, professor, and lawyer.
In 1956 he converted to Buddhism, initiating mass conversions of Dalits.

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Freedom Fighters is a book about beating up Nazis and overthrowing fascism (though its opening sequence is gruesome and hopeless), and that’s great - but the decision to open with a historical.


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10 Greatest Freedom Fighters of Indian History

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Discussing about top 10 greatest freedom fighters in the world, few has a prominent names. These famous freedom fighters of all time fought against evil.


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In India, freedom struggle happened almost for a centuries.
After a united struggle of our freedom fighters only now we can enjoy our freedom living in India.
We should remember each one sacrifice their lives for our current free life.
Here is some of the major freedom fighters in India did a major contribute to our nation.
According to our readers wish we shifted Nethaji Subhash Chandra Bose into No 1 position.
Subhash Chandra Bose Date of Birth : Jan 23, 1897 Date of Death : Aug 18, 1945 Place of Birth : Orissa Subhash Chandra Bose January 23, 1897 — August 18, 1945also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born to an affluent family in Cuttack, Orissa.
His father, Janakinath Bose, was a public prosecutor who believed in orthodox nationalism, and later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.
His mother was Prabhavati Bose, a remarkable example of Indian womanhood.
Bose was educated at Cambridge University.
In 1920, Bose took the Indian Civil Service entrance examination and was placed second.
He joined the Indian National Congress, and was particularly active in its youth wing.
Subhas Chandra Bose felt that young militant groups could be molded into a military arm of the freedom movement and used to further the cause.
Gandhiji opposed this ideology because it directly conflicted with his policy of ahimsa non-violence.
The British Government in India perceived Subhas as a potential source of danger and had him arrested without any charge on October 25, 1924.
He was sent to Alipore Jail, Calcutta and in January 25, 1925 transferred to Mandalay, Burma.
He was released from Mandalay in May, 1927 due to his ill health.
Upon return to Calcutta, Subhas was elected President of the Bengal Congress Committee on October 27, 1927.
Subhas, being a man of ideals, believed in independence from the social evil of religious discord.
In January 1930 Subhas was arrested while leading a procession condemning imprisonment of revolutionaries.
He was offered bail on condition that he signs a bond to refrain from all political activities, which he refused.
On his release from jail, Subhas was sworn in as Mayor of the Calcutta Corporation.
In 1931 the split between Gandhiji and Subhas crystallized.
Although the two never saw eye to eye on their view of freedom and the movement itself, Subhas felt that Gandhiji had done a great disservice to the movement by agreeing to take part in the Second Round Table Conference.
Subhas was arrested again while returning from Bombay to Calcutta, and imprisoned in several jails outside West Bengal in fear of an uprising.
His health once again deteriorated and the medical facilities diagnosed him with tuberculosis.
It was recommended that he be sent to Switzerland for treatment.
Realizing that his avenues abroad were greater with the restrictions of the British, Subhas set sail for Europe on February 23, 1933.
Subhas met Mussolini in Italy and made Vienna his headquarters.
Subhas was opposed to the racial theory of Nazism but appreciated its organizational strength and discipline.
On March 27, 1936 he sailed for Bombay and but was escorted to jail immediately after disembarking.
After lying low for a year, he was able to work actively.
He attended the All India Congress Committee Session in Calcutta, the first one he attended after a lapse of nearly six years.
Time had healed the tensions between Subhas and Gandhiji, and Gandhiji supported Subhas in his efforts to become the President of the next Congress session, 1938.
It was a bold move since he was constantly under British surveillance.
Upon his return to India in February 1938, Subhas was elected President of the Indian National Congress.
He stressed the need to solve linguistic and religious prejudices and to achieve a high literacy rate amongst Indians.
The idea was criticized by Gandhiji and Nehru, which resulted in the strengthening of the Muslim League in Bengal and ultimately partition of India.
It is obvious today that had Subhas been able to carry out his plans, Bengal would be a different entity on the atlas.
Despite opposition from the Congress brass, Subhas was a favorite amongst payouts illinois slot in machines best majority as he was re-elected for a second term in March 1939.
Subhas resigned and Dr.
Rajendra Prasad assumed the Presidency of the Congress.
In May 1939, Subhas formed the Forward Bloc within the Congress as an umbrella organization of the left forces within the Congress.
Gandhiji and his supporters accused Subhas of breach of Congress party discipline and drafted a resolution removing Subhas from the Congress Working Committee and restrained him from holding any office for three years.
On September 3, 1939 Subhas was informed that war had broken out between Britain and Germany.
Subhas discussed the idea of an underground struggle against the British with members of the Forward Bloc.
Subhas pressurized the Congress leaders to get a Declaration of War Aims from the Viceroy; he declined.
Subhas was elected President of the West Bengal Provincial Congress.
The Forward Bloc progressively became militant and by April 1940 most of its senior members were arrested.
He had made contact with radical Punjab and Pathan activists who had contacts in Afghanistan and Russia to organize a militia.
Subhas knew that Britain was in a vulnerable position following the surrender of France in June 1940.
He announced the launch of Siraj-ud-daula Day on July 3, in memory of the last king of Bengal who was defeated by Clive.
His plan was to hold a procession and to unify Hindu and Muslim nationalists.
The Government interceded and imprisoned Subhas on July 2, 1940 in Presidency Jail, Calcutta.
Netaji believed that foreign assistance was a must to free India from British rule.
In 1939, when the Second World War broke out, Subhas sought assistance from Germany, Italy, and Japan as they were enemies of Britain and thus would be natural allies.
In 1941, he evaded a house-arrest in Calcutta by disguising himself as a Maulavi and going to Kabul, Afghanistan.
Later, he procured an Italian passport and fled to Berlin, Germany.
There he met Hitler and discussed his plans and sought his assistance to free India.
He also sought assistance from Mussolini.
From time to time, he aired his speeches on the Azad Hind Radio from Berlin to communicate his intentions to fellow Indians and to prove that he was still alive.
After the defeat of Germany, Netaji realized that he could not continue his struggle from Germany anymore.
Ultimately, Netaji reached Japan in June, 1943.
He established the Indian National Army INA with some 30,000 Indian soldiers.
He also set up a radio network in South East Asia in order to appeal to the people, both in India and outside, for support.
The INA declared war against Britain and America.
However, the INA had to retreat from the Indo-Burmese border after a heavy defeat of the Japanese troops there.
The British defense was impenetrable.
On August 16, 1945 Netaji boarded a plane from Singapore to Bangkok.
The plane made a stopover in Taipei and crashed within minutes of take-off from Taipei.
To this day, many believe that Netaji escaped from the air crash and went into hiding.
Netaji wanted unconditional and complete freedom.
He dreamed of a classless society with no caste barriers, social inequalities or religious intolerance.
He believed in equal distribution of wealth and destruction of communalism.
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose A Rare Video Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Documentary full 2.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1869 Date of Death : Jan 30, 1948 Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born into a Hindu Modh family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India in 1869.
Growing up with a devout mother and surrounded by the Jain influences of Gujarat, Gandhi learned from an early age the tenets of non-injury to living beings, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance between members of various creeds and sects.
He was born into the vaishya, or business, caste.
They had four sons: Harilal Gandhi, born in 1888; Manilal Gandhi, born in 1892; Ramdas Gandhi, born in 1897; and Devdas Gandhi, born in 1900.
Gandhi was a mediocre student in his youth at Porbandar and later Rajkot.
He barely passed the matriculation exam for the University of Bombay in 1887, where he joined Samaldas College.
He was also unhappy at the college, because his family wanted him to become a barrister.
He was the pioneer and perfector of Satyagraha — the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience strongly founded upon ahimsa total non-violence — which led India to independence, and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Gandhi is commonly known and addressed in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi and as Bapu.
Though his elders objected, Gandhi could not be prevented from leaving; and it is said that his mother, a devout woman, made him promise that he would keep away from wine, women, and meat during his stay abroad.
Gandhi left behind his son Harilal, then a few months old.
In London, Gandhi encountered theosophists, vegetarians, and others who were disenchanted not only with industrialism, but with the legacy of Enlightenment thought.
They themselves represented the fringe elements of English society.
Gandhi was powerfully attracted to them, as he was to the texts of the major religious traditions; and ironically it is in London that he was introduced to the Bhagavad Gita.
Here, too, Gandhi showed determination and single-minded pursuit of his purpose, and accomplished his objective of finishing his degree from the Inner Temple.
He was called to the bar in 1891, and even enrolled in the High Court of London; but later that year he left for India.
After one year of a none too successful law practice, Gandhi decided to accept an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa, Dada Abdulla, to join him as a legal adviser.
Unbeknown to him, this was to become an exceedingly lengthy stay, and altogether Gandhi was to stay in South Africa for over twenty years.
Gandhi himself came to an awareness of the frightening force and fury of European racism, and how far Indians were from being considered full human beings, when he thrown out of a first-class railway compartment car, though he held a first-class ticket, at Pietermaritzburg.
From this political awakening Gandhi was to emerge as the leader of the Indian community, and it is in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance.
Gandhi was to describe himself preeminently as a votary or seeker of satya truthwhich could not be attained other than through ahimsa non-violence, love and brahmacharya celibacy, striving towards God.
Gandhi conceived of his own life as a series of experiments to forge the use of satyagraha in such a manner as to make the oppressor and the oppressed alike recognize their common bonding and humanity: as he recognized, freedom is only freedom when it is indivisible.
Gandhi returned to India in early 1915, and was never to leave the country again except for a short trip that took him to Europe in 1931.
Though he was not completely unknown in India, Gandhi followed the advice of his political mentor, Gokhale, and took it upon himself to acquire a familiarity with Indian conditions.
He traveled widely for one year.
Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar, where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.
Over the next two years, Gandhi initiated the non-cooperation movement, which called upon Indians to withdraw from British institutions, to return honors conferred by the British, and to learn the art of self-reliance; though the British administration was at places paralyzed, the movement was suspended in February 1922 when a score of Indian policemen were brutally killed by a large crowd at Chauri Chaura, a small market town in the United Provinces.
Gandhi himself was arrested shortly thereafter, tried on charges of sedition, and sentenced to imprisonment for six years.
At The Great Trial, as it is known to his biographers, Gandhi delivered a masterful indictment of British rule.
Owing to his poor health, Gandhi was released from prison in 1925.
Over the following years, he worked hard to preserve Hindu-Muslim relations, and in 1924 he observed, from his prison cell, a 21-day fast when Hindu-Muslim riots broke out at Kohat, a military barracks on the Northwest Frontier.
Gandhi earned the hostility of Ambedkar, the leader of the untouchables, but few doubted that Gandhi was genuinely interested in removing the serious disabilities from which they suffered, just as no one doubt that Gandhi never accepted the argument that Hindus and Muslims constituted two separate elements in Indian society.
Gandhi had ideas — mostly sound — on every subject, from hygiene and nutrition to education and labor, and he relentlessly pursued his ideas in one of the many newspapers which he founded.
Indeed, were Gandhi more info for nothing else in India, he would still be remembered as one of the principal figures in the history of Indian journalism.
In early 1930, as the nationalist movement was revived, the Indian National Congress, the preeminent body of nationalist opinion, declared that it would now be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence purna swaraj.
Once the clarion call had been issued, it was perforce necessary to launch a movement of resistance against British rule.
Predictably, his letter was received with bewildered amusement, and accordingly Gandhi set off, on the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers towards Dandi on the sea.
They arrived there on April 5th: Gandhi picked up a small lump of natural salt, and so gave the signal to hundreds of thousands of people to similarly defy the law, since the British exercised a monopoly on the production and sale of salt.
This was the beginning of the civil disobedience movement: Gandhi himself was arrested, and thousands of others were also hauled into jail.
It is to break this deadlock that Irwin agreed to hold talks with Gandhi, and subsequently the British agreed to hold a Round Table Conference in London to negotiate the possible terms of Indian independence.
Gandhi went to London in 1931 and met some of his admirers in Europe, but the negotiations proved inconclusive.
On his return to India, he was once again arrested.
For the next few years, Gandhi would be engaged mainly in the constructive reform of Indian society.
He had vowed upon undertaking the salt march that he would not return to Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, where he had made his home, if India did not attain its independence, and in the mid-1930s he established himself in a remote village, in the dead center of India, by the name of Segaon known as Sevagram.
Gandhi also continued to travel throughout the country, taking him wherever his services were required.
At the outset of World War II, Gandhi and the Congress leadership assumed a position of neutrality: while clearly critical of fascism, they could not find it in themselves to support British imperialism.
Bose tendered his resignation, and shortly thereafter was to make a dramatic escape from India to find support among the Japanese and the Nazis for his plans to liberate India.
In 1942, Gandhi issued the last call for independence from British rule.
On the grounds of what is now known as August Kranti Maidan, he delivered a stirring speech, asking every Indian to lay down their life, if necessary, best slot machines to at casino the cause of freedom.
The response of the British government was to place Gandhi under arrest, and virtually the entire Congress leadership was to find itself behind bars, not to be released until after the conclusion of the war.
In the period from 1942 to 1945, the Muslim League, which represented the interest of certain Muslims and by now advocated the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims, increasingly gained the attention of the British, and supported them in their war effort.
Sensing that the political leaders were now craving for power, Gandhi largely distanced himself from the negotiations.
He declared his opposition to the vivisection best freedom fighters India.
It is generally conceded, even by his detractors, that the last years of his life were in some respects his finest.
Hindu and Sikh refugees had streamed into the capital from what had become Pakistan, and there was much resentment, which easily translated into violence, against Muslims.
It was partly in an attempt to put an end to the killings in Delhi, and more generally to the bloodshed following the partition, which may have taken the lives of as many as 1 million people, besides causing the dislocation of no fewer than 11 million, that Gandhi was to commence the last fast unto death of his life.
A few days later, a bomb exploded in Birla House where Gandhi was holding his evening prayers, but it caused no injuries.
However, his assassin, a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin by the name of Nathuram Godse, was not so easily deterred.
Gandhi, quite characteristically, refused additional security, and no one could defy his wish to be allowed to move around unhindered.
As he was about to mount the steps of the podium, Gandhi folded his hands and greeted his audience with a namaskar; at that moment, a young man came up to him and roughly pushed aside Manu.
Nathuram Godse bent down in the gesture of an obeisance, took a revolver out of his pocket, and shot Gandhi three times in his chest.
As Gandhi fell, his faithful time-piece struck the ground, and the hands of the watch came to a standstill.
They showed, as they had done before, the precise time: 5:12 P.
Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru Of pesci casino pen of Birth : Nov 14, 1889 Date of Death : May 27, 1964 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Political party : Indian National Congress Took Office : Aug 15, 1947 Left Office : This web page 27, 1964 Successor : Lal Bahadur Shastri Jawaharlal Nehru also called Pandit Nehru, was an important leader of the Indian Independence Movement and the Indian National Congress, and became the first Prime Minister of India when India won its independence on August 15, 1947.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, to Swaroop Rani, the wife of Motilal Nehru, a wealthy Allahabad based barrister and political leader himself.
The Nehru check this out is of Kashmiri lineage and of the Saraswat Brahmin caste.
Educated in the finest Indian schools of the time, Nehru returned from education in England at Harrow, Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple to practice law before following his father into politics.
At the time of his wedding on 8 February 1916, Jawaharlal was twenty-six, a British-educated barrister.
Kamala came from a well-known business family of Kashmiris in Delhi.
His father Motilal Nehru was already a prominent figure in the Indian National Congress and had served as its president.
He began to draw closer to the rising leadership of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a former barrister who had won battles for equality and political rights for Indians in South Africa, and had emerged a national hero with the successful struggles in Champaran, Bihar and Kheda in Gujarat.
Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru abandoned western clothes and tastes for expensive possessions and pastimes, and adopted Hindi, or Hindustani as their common language of use.
Young Jawaharlal now wore a khadi kurta and https://fablabs.ru/best/best-casino-in-reno-reddit.html Gandhi cap, all white — the new uniform of the Indian nationalist.
Nehru was first arrested by the British during the Non-Cooperation Movement 1920-1922but released after a few months.
After Gandhi suspended civil resistance in 1922 as a result of the killing of policemen in Chauri Chaura, thousands of Congressmen were disillusioned.
When Gandhi opposed participation in the newly created legislative councils, many followed leaders like Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru to form the Swaraj Party, which advocated entry but only to sabotage government from within, as a tool to extracting concessions from the British to ensure stability.
But Nehru did not join his father and stayed with Gandhi and the Congress.
From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee, an important step in his rise to Congress national leadership.
With the Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, led by the rising nationalist leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Congress was back in the business of revolution.
Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose backed a call for full political independence, while Motilal Nehru and others wanted dominion status within the British Empire.
To resolve the point, Gandhi said that the British would be given two years to grant India dominion status.
If they did not, the Congress would launch a national struggle for full, political independence.
Nehru and Bose reduced the time of opportunity to one year.
The British did not respond.
When the Congress convened its session in 1929, Gandhi backed the young Jawaharlal for the Congress presidency.
Nehru was arrested in 1930, and during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 for a number of years.
The revolt was an best freedom fighters national success.
Millions of Indians had participated, and the British were ultimately forced to acknowledge that there was a need for major political reform.
When the British promulgated the Government of India Act 1935, the Congress Party decided to contest elections.
Nehru stayed out of the elections, but campaigned vigorously nationwide for the party.
The Congress formed governments in almost every province, and won the largest number of seats in the Central Assembly, which the Congress had denounced as powerless.
But it was able to exercise control of provincial affairs, giving India its first taste of democratic self-government.
Nehru was elected again to the Learn more here Presidency in 1936, and again in 1937.
But the effort was strongly criticized by major Congress leaders, including Gandhi and Sardar Patel, though for different reasons.
However, Nehru had grown politically closer to Congress socialists like Jaya Prakash Narayan, Narendra Dev and the liberal-socialist Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
It is a very readable and honest account that contains many anecdotes and insights in the political and social circumstances of pre-war India.
When World War II broke out, Nehru and the Congress condemned the unilateral decision made by the British viceroy to enter India, but were divided as to what to do about it.
This was opposed by Gandhi, but marked the first occasion when Nehru, and indeed a majority of Congress leaders went against his advice.
Several British politicians and British officials backed the offer, considering Indian support valuable, but the bid failed when the British ruled out any political reform.
The Congress Party ordered all of its elected members in the Central and provincial assemblies to resign, and another national struggle seemed inevitable.
Although many other Indian political parties opposed the call, Gandhi and Sardar Patel convinced Nehru and Azad, and the entire Indian National Congress to a final showdown with the British Empire.
The Quit India Movement was launched on August 13, 1942.
The Congress made an open call for complete independence immediately.
Only an independent India would decide whether India would participate in the war.
The Congress asked all Indians to boycott British goods, the institutions and factories run by the British, public services and government programs.
Major strikes, protests and demonstrations broke out all over India, and although other political parties did not participate, it proved to be the most forceful revolt in the history of British rule.
Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were immediately arrested.
The Committee was imprisoned in a fort-turned-prison in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, separate from Gandhi, who was imprisoned in Pune.
The British had made arrangements to deport the leaders if necessary, but felt that then any chance of regaining order would be lost due to public outrage.
Outside, hundreds of thousands of Indian freedom fighters were imprisoned, and thousands were killed in police firings.
Upon the end of the war, Nehru and the Congress leadership were released.
Imprisoned for a total of over 13 years, he was President of the Congress in 1929, 1936, 1937 and 1947.
He became the Vice President of the Interim Government on September 2, 1946 and later the Prime Minister of Independent India on August 15, 1947.
For children, he was Chacha uncle Nehru.
In 1946, Nehru had moved into the former residence of the British Commander in Chief of the Indian Army on York Road, in Delhi.
Over the years she became his virtual chief of staff — managing his schedule and appointments, instructing the staff of the residence and often accompanying him on foreign trips and in meetings with world leaders.
His daughter Indira Gandhi would become Prime Minister within two years of his death in 1966, and would serve for 15 years and 3 terms.
His grandson Rajiv Gandhi would hold that office from 1984 to 1989.
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Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh Date of Birth : Sep 27, 1907 Date of Death : Mar 23, 1931 Place of Birth : Jalandhar Bhagat Singh September 27, 1907 — March 23, 1931 was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle.
Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family to Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in the Khatkar Kalan village near Banga in the Jalandhar district of Punjab.
His uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, as well as his father, were great freedom fighters, so Bhagat Singh grew up in a patriotic atmosphere.
He also established the secret organization, the Bharat Mata Society.
At an early age, Bhagat Singh started dreaming of uprooting the British empire.
The Ghadar Movement left a deep best freedom fighters on his mind.
Kartar Sing Sarabha, hanged at the age of 19, became his hero.
He studied in the D.
At the age of 16, he used to wonder why so many Indians could not drive away these fistful of invaders.
In search of revolutionary groups and ideas, he met Sukhdev and Rajguru.
Bhagat Singh, along with the help of Chandrashekhar Azad, formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army HSRA.
To avenge his death, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru killed Mr.
Saunders one of the deputy officers in connection with the Simon Commission.
However, things changed, and the Britishers arrested Bhagat Singh and his friends on April 8, 1929.
He and his friends wanted to be shot dead, since they were termed as prisoners click war.
Their request was not fulfilled, and on March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged to death.
He did his best and when he was being led to the gallows, he was satisfied that he had lived up to his principles, irrespective of the consequences.
Rajendra Prasad Date of Birth : Dec 3, 1884 Date of Death : Feb 28, 1963 Place of Birth : Zeradei, Bihar Tenure Order : 1st President Took Office : Jan 26, 1950 Left Office : May 13, 1962 Successor : Dr.
Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.
Rajendra Prasad was a great freedom-fighter, and the architect of the Indian Constitution, having served as President of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution of the Republic from 1948 to 1950.
He had also served as a Cabinet Minister briefly in the first Government of Independent India.
He was a crucial leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Prasad was born in Jiradei, in the Siwan district of Bihar.
His father, Mahadev Sahay, was a Persian and Sanskrit language scholar; his mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady who would tell stories from the Ramayana to her son.
At the age of 5, the young Rajendra Best freedom fighters was sent to a Maulavi for learning Persian.
After that he was sent to Chapra Zilla School for further primary studies.
He was married at the age of 12 to Rajvanshi Devi.
He then went on to study at R.
Soon afterward, however, he rejoined the Chapra Zilla School, and it was from there that he passed the entrance examination of Calcutta University, at the age of 18.
He stood first in the first division of that examination.
He then joined the Presidency College, Calcutta.
He was initially a student of science and his teachers included J.
Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy.
Later he decided to switch his focus to the arts.
A plaque still commemorates his best casino in lawton oklahoma in that room.
He had been initiated into the Swadeshi movement by his brother.
He then joined the Dawn Society run by Satish Chandra Mukherjee, and Sister Nivedita.
In 1911, he joined the A.
However, his family estate was in bad condition.
He was looked upon as the provider.
But he sought permission from his brother in a letter to join the Indian freedom movement.
The shock of his brother, however, held him to the family.
In 1916, Rajendra Prasad joined the High Court of Bihar, and Orissa.
Such was his intellect and his integrity, that often when his adversary failed to cite a precedent, the judges asked Rajendra Prasad to cite a precedent against himself.
After meeting Mahatma Gandhi, he quit as a Senator of the University, much to the regret of the British Vice-Chancellor.
He also responded to the call by the Mahatma to boycott Western education by asking his son Mrityunjaya Prasad, a brilliant student to drop out of the University and enroll himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, an institution he had along with his colleagues founded on the traditional Indian model.
He wrote articles for Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers.
He toured a lot, explaining, lecturing and exhorting.
When the earthquake of Bihar occurred on January 15, 1934, Rajendra Prasad was in jail.
He was released two days later.
He set himself for the task of raising funds.
The Viceroy had also raised a fund.
The way relief was organized left nothing to be desired.
Nationalist India expressed its admiration by electing him to the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress.
After India became independent he was elected the President of India.
As President, he used his moderating influence so silently and unobtrusively that he neither reigned nor ruled.
His sister Bhagwati Devi died on the night of 25 January 1960.
She doted on her dearly-loved younger brother.
It must have taken Rajendra Prasad all his will power to have taken the Republic Day salute as usual, on the following day.
It was only on return from the parade that he set about the task of cremation.
read article 1962, after 12 years as President, he announced his decision to retire.
Within months of his retirement, early in September 1962, his wife Rajvanshi Devi passed away.
Because of the enormous public adulation he enjoyed, he was referred to as Desh Ratna or the Jewel of the country.
His legacy is being ably carried forward by his great grandson Ashoka Jahnavi-Prasad, a psychiatrist and a scientist of international repute who introduced sodium valproate as a safer alternative to lithium salts in the treatment of bipolar disorders.
Dr Rajendra Prasad,Our First President,Story, Arvind 6.
Lal Bahadur Shastri Lal Bahadur Shastri Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1904 Date of Death : Jan 11, 1966 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India and a significant figure in the struggle for independence.
Shashtriji was born in Mughalsarai, in Uttar Pradesh.
To take part in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi in 1921, he began studying at the nationalist, Kashi Vidyapeeth in Kashi, and upon completion, he was given the title Shastri, or Scholar, Doctor at Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926.
He spent almost nine years in jail in total, mostly after the start of the Satyagraha movement in 1940, he was imprisoned until 1946.
In 1951, he was appointed General Secretary of the Lok Sabha before re-gaining a ministerial post as Railways Minister.
He resigned as Minister following a rail disaster near Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu.
He returned to the Cabinet following the General Elections, first as Minister for Transport, casino in russia 1961, casino puerto rico became Home Minister.
Shastri worked by his natural characteristics to obtain compromises between opposing viewpoints, but in his short tenure was ineffectual in dealing with the economic crisis and food shortage in the nation.
However, he commanded a great deal of respect in the Indian populace, and he used it to advantage in pushing the Green Revolution in India; which directly led to India becoming a food-surplus nation, although he did not live to see it.
His administration began on a rocky turf.
In 1965 Pakistan attacked India on the Kashmiri front and Lal Bahadur Shastri responded in kind by punching toward Lahore.
In 1966 a cease-fire was issued as a result of international pressure.
Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent to hold talks with Ayub Khan and an agreement was soon signed.
Lal Bahadur passed away in Tashkent before returning home.
All his lifetime, he was known for his honesty and humility.
Lal Bahadur Shastri — Meeting in Tashkent 1966 7.
Chandrashekhar Azad Chandrashekhar Azad Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1906 Date of Death : Feb 27, 1931 Place of Birth : India Chandrasekhar Azad was a great Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary thinker.
Revered for his audacious deeds and fierce patriotism, he was the mentor of Bhagat Singh, the famous Indian martyr.
Chandrasekhar Azad is considered one of the greatest Indian freedom fighter along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Ram Prasad Bismil, and Ashfaqulla Khan.
He received his early schooling in Bhavra District Jhabua Madhya Pradesh.
For higher studies he went to the Sanskrit Pathashala at Varanasi.
Young Azad was one of the young generation of Indians when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement.
But many were disillusioned with the suspension of the struggle in 1922 owing best freedom fighters the Chauri Chaura massacre of 22 policemen.
Although Gandhi was appalled by the brutal violence, Azad did not feel that violence was unacceptable in the struggle, especially in view of the Amritsar Massacre of 1919, where Army units killed hundreds of unarmed civilians and wounded thousands in Amritsar.
Young Azad and contemporaries like Bhagat Singh were deeply and emotionally influenced by that tragedy.
Azad and others had committed themselves to absolute independence by any means.
He was most famous for The Kakori Rail Dacoity in 1925 and the assassination of the assistant superintendent of Police John Poyantz Saunders article source 1928.
Azad and his compatriots would target British officials known for their oppressive actions against ordinary people, or for beating and torturing arrested freedom fighters.
Azad was also a believer in socialism as the basis for a future India, free of social and economic oppression and adversity.
Bhagat Singh joined Azad following the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, an Indian leader who was beaten to death by police officials.
Azad trained Singh and others in covert activities, and the latter grew close to him after witnessing his resolve, patriotism and courage.
Betrayed by an informer on 27 February 1931 Azad was encircled by British troops in the Alfred park, Allahabad.
He kept on fighting till the last bullet.
Azad is a hero to many Indians today.
Alfred Park was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad park, as have been scores of schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions across India.
Chandra Shekhar Azad Freedom Fighter 8.
His actual date of birth was never officially recorded — Patel entered October 31st as his date of birth on his matriculation examination papers.
He was the fourth son of Jhaverbhai and Ladba Patel, and lived in the village of Karamsad, in the Kheda district.
Somabhai, Narsibhai and Vithalbhai Patel also a future political leader were his elder brothers.
He had a younger brother, Kashibhai, and a sister, Dahiba.
Patel helped his father in the fields, and bimonthly kept a day-long fast, abstaining from food and water — a cultural observance that enabled him to develop physical tougheness.
Patel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad, living self-sufficiently with other boys.
He took his matriculation at the late age of 22; at this point, he was generally regarded by his elder relatives as an unambitious man destined for a commonplace job.
He would then set aside funds, travel to England, then train to become a barrister.
During the many years it took him to save money, Vallabhbhai — now a pleader — earned a reputation as a fierce and skilled lawyer.
He had also cultivated a stoic character — he lanced a painful boil without hesitation, even as the barber supposed to do it trembled.
Patel spent years away from his family, pursuing his goals assiduously.
His wife bore him a daughter, Manibehn, in 1904, and later a son, Dahyabhai, in 1906.
Patel also cared for a personal friend suffering from Bubonic plague when it swept the state.
After Patel himself came down with the disease, he immediately sent away his family to safety, left his home, and moved into an isolated house in Nadiad by other accounts, Patel spent this time in a dilapidated temple ; there, he recovered slowly.
Patel took on the financial burdens of his homestead in Karamsad even while saving for England and supporting a young family.
He made way for his brother Vithalbhai Patel to travel to England in place of him, on his own saved money and opportunity.
Her health suddenly worsened, and despite successful emergency surgery, she died.
As per others who witnessed, Patel read the note, pocketed it and continued to intensely cross-examine the witness, and won the case.
He broke the news to others only after the proceedings had ended.
Patel himself decided against marrying again.
He raised his children with the help of his family, and sent them to English-medium schools in Mumbai then Bombay.
At the age of 36, he journeyed to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple Inn in London.
Finishing a 36-month course in 30 months, Patel topped his class despite having no previous college background.
Wearing European-style clothes and urbane mannerisms, he also became a skilled bridge player at the Gujarat Club.
His close friends would include his neighbours Dr.
Balwantray and Nandubehn Kanuga, who would remain dear to him, and a young lawyer, Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar.
He had also made a pact with casino close to dallas brother Vithalbhai to support his entry into politics in Bombay, while Patel himself would remain in Ahmedabad and provide for the family.
Vallabhbhai Patel was a major political and social leader of India and its struggle for independence, and is credited for achieving the political integration of independent India.
In India and across the world, he is known as Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, where Sardar stands for Chief in many languages of India.
Patel organized the peasants of Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj — becoming one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat.
He rose to the leadership of the Indian National Congress and at the forefront of rebellions and political events — organizing the party for elections in 1934 and 1937, and leading Read article into the Quit India movement.
He was imprisoned by the British government on numerous occasions, especially from 1931 to 1934, and from 1942 to 1945.
Becoming the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organized relief and rehabilitation efforts in the riot-struck Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore security.
Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from a plethora of semi-independent princely states, colonial provinces and possessions.
Patel employed an iron fist in a velvet glove diplomacy — frank political negotiations backed with the option and the use of military action to weld a nation that could emancipate its people without the prospect of divisions or civil conflict.
His leadership obtained the peaceful and swift integration of all 565 princely states into the Republic of India.
His admirers call him the Iron Man of India.
The plane had made an emergency landing in the desert of Rajasthan upon an engine failure, and Patel and all passengers were safe, and traced by nearby villagers.
When Patel returned to Delhi, members of Parliament and thousands of Congressmen gave him a raucous welcome.
In Parliament, MPs gave a thunderous ovation to Patel — stopping proceedings for half an hour.
Till his last few days, he was constantly at work in Delhi.
After suffering a massive heart attack — his second — he died in Bombay on December 15th, 1950.
His cremation in Sonapur, Bombay, was attended by large crowds, Nehru, Rajagopalachari, President Prasad and many Congressmen and freedom fighters.
Documentary: Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 9.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1856 Date of Death : 1920 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Bal Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Tilak sparked the fire for complete independence in Indian consciousness, and is considered the father of Hindu nationalism as well.
Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!
This famous quote of his is very popular and well-remembered in India even today.
He was born on July 23, 1856, in a village near Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, into a middle class Chitpavan Brahmin family.
Tilak was an avid student with a special aptitude for mathematics.
After graduation, Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune and later became a journalist.
Tilak founded the Marathi daily Kesari The Lion which fast became a popular reading for the common people of India.
Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in the 1890s, but soon fell into opposition of its liberal-moderate attitude towards the fight for self-government.
Tilak opposed the moderate views of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and was supported by fellow Indian nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal in Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab.
When arrested on charges of sedition in 1906, Tilak asked a young Mohammad Ali Jinnah to represent him.
But the British judge convicted him and he was imprisoned from 1908 to 1914 in Mandalay, Burma.
Upon his release, Tilak re-united with his fellow nationalists and re-united the Indian National Congress in 1916.
He also helped found the All India Home Rule League in 1916-18 with Annie Besant and Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
Tilak proposed various social reforms, such as a minimum age for marriage, and was especially keen to see a prohibition placed on the sale of alcohol.
His thoughts on education and Indian political life have remained highly influential — he was the first Congress leader to suggest that Hindi, written in the devanagari script, should be accepted as the sole national language of India, a policy that was later strongly endorsed by Mahatma Gandhi.
However, English, which Tilak wished to remove completely from the Indian mind, remains an important means of communication in India.
His call for boycott of foreign goods also served to inspire patriotism among Indian masses.
Although once considered an extremist revolutionary, in his later years Tilak had considerably mellowed.
He favored political dialogue and discussions as a more effective way to obtain political freedom for India, and did not support leaving the British Empire.
However, Tilak is considered in many ways to have created the nationalist movement in India, by expanding the struggle for political freedoms and self-government to the common people of India.
Tilak was considered the political and spiritual leader of India by many, and Gandhi is considered his successor.
When Tilak died in 1920, Gandhi paid his respects at his cremation in Bombay, along with 200,000 people.
Tilak is also today considered the father of Hindu Nationalism.
He was the idol of Indian revolutionary Link Damodar Savarkar, who penned the political doctrine of Hindutva.
Rare Voice Of Lokmanya Tilak.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Gopal Krishna Gokhale Date of Birth : May 9, 1866 Date of Death : 1915 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born on May 9, 1866, in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, and he became one of the most learned men in India, a leader of social and political reformists and one of the earliest, founding leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.
Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and the Servants of India Society.
Gokhale was a great, early Indian champion for public education.
Being one of the first generations of Indians to receive college education, Gokhale was respected widely in the nascent Indian intellecutal community and acoss India, whose people looked up to him as the least elitist of educated Indians.
Coming from a background of poverty, Gokhale was a real man of the people, a hero to young Indians discovering the new age and the prospects of the coming 20th century; he worked amongst common Indians to encourage education, sanitation and public development.
He actively spoke against ignorance, casteism and untouchability in Indian society.
Gokhale was also reputed for working for trust and friendship between Hindu and Muslim communities.
It should be remembered that Gokhale was a pioneer in this work, never done before in Indian history by Indians.
Along with distinguished colleagues like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dadabhai Naoroji, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai and Annie Besant, Gokhale fought for decades to obtain greater political representation and power over public affairs for common Indians.
He was moderate in his views and attitudes, and sought to petition the British authorities, cultivate a process of dialogue and discussion which would yield greater British respect for Indian rights.
Tilak advocated civil agitation and direct revolution to overthrow the British Empire, and the Congress Party split into two wings.
The two sides would patch up in 1916.
Gokhale did not support explicit Indian independence, for such an idea was not even understood or expressed until after the World War I.
Gokhale was famously a mentor to a young barrister who had been blooded in the work of revolution in South Africa a few years earlier.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi received great warmth and hospitality from Gokhale, including personal guidance, knowledge and understanding of India, the issues of common Indians and Indian politics.
By 1920, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi see more become known as Mahatma Gandhi, and ad the leader of nationalist Indians and the largest non-violent revolution in the history of the world.
However, Gokhale himself died in 1915.
Anyhow Mr Shivansh tiwari, you have atleast taught to add the name of women in this list.
Hi Raju, I completely agree with you, do not expect that somebody should come and save the country, it is only the collective will and efforts of common citizens like you and me who should take up these issues and try to find a solution for the problems we are facing today.
I agree to u bro my name is akash kaman really people are wasting their time many other unnessosary things 1 vasudev balavant fadke 2 lokmanya bal gagadhar tilak 3 mahatma fule 4 netaji shubhashchandra bose 5 swatyantrya veer savarkar 6 lal bahadur shashtri 7 bhagat singh theese r the real freedom fighter but gandhi is not a fighter because he was a only simple indian….
Freedom fight can be different ways.
Path Gandhiji chose was travel all over India and tried to explain the problems that India was facing during that period.
Path chosen by Bhagat, Chandrasekhar etc was militant action.
Path chosen by Subhash Chandra Bose was by creating Azad Hind Fouz Military Action.
Everybody had their own paths and did work for freedom.
We are not the people to decide whether they were good leaders or bad leaders.
U ARE WRONG WITHOUT GANDHI THIS FREEDOM AND WAR I WILL NOT TO END.
EACH AND EVERY PERSONS ARE IMPORTANT FOR THIS WAR AND FREEDOM Hello Mr, I really do not why have you given ranking like this?
Subhas chandra bose sacrifice his high posting Indian Civil Service ,Congress president and also post independence prime minister.
He is the real hero.
Great leader with unbeleivable courage.
Highly intelligent and medernised thinking.
Even our great narayan murthy of Infosys has agreed upon this.
My Ranking 1 Nethaji Subhas chadra Bose 2 Gandiji 3 Bagat Singh 4 Sardar Vallabhai Patel 5 Shastri 6 Bala Gangadhar Tilak 7 Chandra Shekar Azad I really agree with you Vinay.
He put his life in danger for many times.
Even in those years he travelled to Berlin,Russia,Japan by Submarine.
Those days it used to take 3 months.
Why all this was required for him.
Having got married to Austrian and being a highly qualified and rank student in ICS.
He coined Jai Hind.
His music portrayed in International conference was later become of our National Anthem music.
Only Indian who dared Britishes.
Even the trials of his INA in 1946 made our British indian army Indians to realize about their duties.
This helped us to achieve Independence.
It was accepted by then British prime minister Atlee.
He is all times great.
He was not given the due respect that he was deserved.
Hello Sachin, I really agree that Nethaji is number 1 in the list because of the following reason: THE Indian struggle for Independence saw many heroes emerge.
Some took the path of non-violence like Gandhiji, some chose the political arena like Nehru, some fought battles like Rani Lakshmibai, somebecame spiritual seekers like Sri Aurobindo and some took to literature like Subramaniya Bharati.
But if there was one person who managed to leave his mark at all avenues of the freedom struggle, it was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
The generals of the Indian National Army were brought by the British colonial power in court, they hanged 3 INA majors in 1946.
This was the major mistake British has done.
Because of this, there was a nationwide protest.
In addition to mass demonstrations there was a mutiny in the Royal Navy.
First Indian nationalism on Indian soldiers had jumped previously regarded as brave and loyal.
The British therefore issued a general amnesty for the armed forces personnel.
Many historians belevied that this was the main reason for Indias Independence though there were several other reasons.
But the ranking given here is based on the activities to serve for our freedom.
Hello Vinay and Sachin, I really agree with you.
Both Gandhiji and Subhas casino promotions Bose were followed by masses.
Nethaji is considerd to be greatest leader ever world has produced for Japanese.
He is the true leader,an visionary.
He made the concept of Army, otherwise our country would have been like Africa.
He is selfless great legend for which he has special person of millions of Indians.
HI hello u know the hand behind Nethajis vision is swatyantrya veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, once Nethajis and saverkar were on same Dias, it was a time of secound world war.
I read a lot of Freedom books and found this facts that during the first election in Congress for PMSardar Patel had most votes.
Nehru threatened Gandhi for making him PM or else he will break Congress and leak inner secrets to British.
BHARAT MATHA KI JAI.
IAM PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN.
I LOVE MY COUNTRY.
I FEEL GREAT THAT I WAS BORN IN INDIA.
I SALUTE MY NATION WITH PROUD.
South indians starts freedom fight against ….
I am very upset…….
All boys are not always fond of slots download no registration falling in love with girls and moreover girls are not fond of impressing boys.
I love the details gn in this blog.
Bharatha Matha ki jai…!
SWETHA I agree all are freedom fighters only but this type ranking i wont accept and camparison is not good This is Lord Macale Education, We can ranked our Freedom Fighter.
Just we put a list of freedom fighters.
And he is the best freedom fighter India.
I love India and I also like the freedom fighter mother teresa Panini Prajna,Sambalpur,ODISHA—Our indian fighter r bravy and very strong.
They devote his life for our nation.
But now a days Maximum Politician r devote for himself……thats not good.
YOU IDIOT BHUSHANMH9, GHANDHIJI WAS THE BIGGEST FIGHTER OF THEM ALL!!!!
FOR HE WAS THE FIRST TO WIN A WAR WITH PEACE AND THAT IS HOW A TRUE FIGHTER SHOULD BE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Certainly as every says even i feel proud to be called as Indian.
Well i wont say that all our fighters are past but we at least being Indians at present as youngsters lets still fight for our country.
Hope everyone agrees that still our country is not free from corruption.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Nehru was ner a politician……he read more a crooked power broker working for himself only.
He fought the British only when he saw their women around.
This fool created Kashmir by fingering the pimp called Hari Singh.
NEHRU WAS A POWER DALAL!!!
Top 5 Freedom Fighters — 1 Bhagat Singh 2 Chandrashekhar Azad 3 Sardar Patel 4 Rajendra Prasad 5 Lal Bahadur Shastri Pandit Nehru is not a Freedom Fighter because he was the one who started politics.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Somebody comment on this one!!!
Nice comments, relating to subject.
THE FIRST BORN REVOLUTIONIST.
AND IN VICTORY OF FREEDOM…IT WAS BOSE….
AT FIRST Amar kumar guys you all are wrong ,the first freedom fighter was Matadin bhangi{valmiki} and the second one mangal pandey in 1847….
Can you say that we can rank Indians because of their love for India?
NO, we all love India equally and do our best in our own way to make it a better place.
If all Indians think like this about ranking, India will never get anywhere in the world!
I respect all the Freedom Fighters.
There should not be a comparison between the Freedom Fighters like Top Fighters or Bottom Fighters.
Jwahar Lal Nehru should not be at 3rd actually he should not be in the list!!!!
Jawaharlal Nehru was not a freedom fighter……he was a pilitical agent before independece, power broker, who created the cancer called Kashmir.
To know Netaji, read his facts on Wekipedia and any other bolgs of credibility!!!
The list gives prizes to some very average freedom fighters but forgets top contributors: a Veer Savarkar for his daring escape from the British steamer at Marseilles b Kumar Singh, King of Jagdishpur: Was driven out of his kingdom Jagdishpur in 1857 by the British when he was 80 years old and ailing only to come back from the jungles trained with best slot machine to play in a casino guerilla army to drive out the British and reclaim his territory c Vasudeo Balwant Phadke: First armed revolutionary of India d Mangal Pandey: Pioneer of the revolt of 1857 e Madanlal Dhingra: Ran revolutionary group Abhinav Bharat with Savarkar in London and shot Curzon Wylie f Chapekar Brothers: Shot at British Commisioner Mr.
Rand and were sentenced to death g Azimullah Khan: Sided with Nana Saheb Peshwa, Tatya Tope and Bahadurshah Zafar to capture Peshawar to Cooch Behar from the British.
He in turn replied that he will cut of the hands of whosoever attempts to wage jihad on the Hindus.
THEY ALL SACRIFICED, BUT NOW OUR POLITICIANS ARE MAKING FIGHT AMONG OURSELVES.
CAN YOU SEE IT?
WHAT IS THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THESE POLITICIANS WHO DID NOT CONTRIBUTED ANYTHING TO THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE?
THOSE WHO TALK NOW WERE ALSO BORN.
NO ASK OR LIST OPENLY HOW MAJORITY OF THE FAMILY OF FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE STILL HUNGRY, UNEMPLOYED, WITHOUT SHELTERS.
AT LEAST CARING THEM WILL INSPIRE AND KEEP THE STRUGGLE ON OF FREEDOM IN FUTURE.
HOPE OUR CARING GOVERNMENT WILL TAKE A SPEEDY DECISION AS MANY FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE NO MORE AND LET THEM SEE THEIR FAMILY HONERS.
Mera que sabhi logo se hai Kya desh ko Azad karane me totally HINDU hi they ya MUSLIM ya SIKH bhi they?

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In India, freedom struggle happened almost for a centuries.
After a united struggle of our freedom fighters only now we can enjoy our freedom living in India.
We should remember each one sacrifice their lives for our current free life.
Here is some of the major freedom fighters in India did a major contribute to our nation.
According to our readers wish we shifted Nethaji Subhash Chandra Bose into No 1 position.
Subhash Chandra Bose Date of Birth : Jan 23, 1897 Date of Death : Aug 18, 1945 Place of Birth : Orissa Subhash Chandra Bose January 23, 1897 — August 18, 1945also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born to an affluent family in Cuttack, Orissa.
His father, Janakinath Bose, was a public prosecutor who believed in orthodox nationalism, and later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.
His mother was Prabhavati Bose, a remarkable example of Indian womanhood.
Bose was educated at Cambridge University.
In 1920, Bose took the Indian Civil Service entrance examination and was placed second.
He joined the Indian National Congress, and was particularly active in its youth wing.
Subhas Chandra Bose felt that young militant groups could be molded into a military arm of the freedom movement and used to further the cause.
Gandhiji opposed this ideology because it directly conflicted with his policy of ahimsa non-violence.
The British Government in India perceived Subhas as a potential source of danger and had him arrested without any charge on October 25, 1924.
He was sent to Alipore Jail, Calcutta and in January 25, 1925 transferred to Mandalay, Burma.
He was released from Mandalay in May, 1927 due to his ill health.
Upon return to Calcutta, Subhas was elected President of the Bengal Congress Committee on October 27, 1927.
Subhas, being a man of ideals, believed in independence from the social evil of religious discord.
In January 1930 Subhas was arrested while leading a procession condemning imprisonment of revolutionaries.
He was offered bail on condition that he signs a bond to refrain from all political activities, which he refused.
On his release from jail, Subhas was sworn in as Mayor of the Calcutta Corporation.
In 1931 the split between Gandhiji and Subhas crystallized.
Although the two never saw eye to eye on their view of freedom and the movement itself, Subhas felt that Gandhiji had done a great disservice to the movement by agreeing to take part in the Second Round Table Conference.
Subhas was arrested again while returning from Bombay to Calcutta, and imprisoned in several jails outside West Bengal in fear of an uprising.
His health once again deteriorated and the medical facilities diagnosed him with tuberculosis.
It was recommended that he be sent to Switzerland for treatment.
Realizing that his avenues abroad were greater with the restrictions of the British, Subhas set sail for Europe on February 23, 1933.
Subhas met Mussolini in Italy and made Vienna his headquarters.
Subhas was opposed to the racial theory of Nazism but appreciated its organizational strength and discipline.
On March 27, 1936 he sailed for Bombay and but was escorted to jail immediately after disembarking.
After lying low for a year, he was able to work actively.
He attended the All India Congress Committee Session in Calcutta, the first one he attended after a lapse of nearly six years.
Time had healed the tensions between Subhas and Gandhiji, and Gandhiji supported Subhas in his efforts to become the President of the next Congress session, 1938.
It was a bold move since he was constantly under British surveillance.
Upon his return to India in February 1938, Subhas was elected President of the Indian National Congress.
He stressed the need to solve linguistic and religious prejudices and to achieve a high literacy rate amongst Indians.
The idea was criticized by Gandhiji and Nehru, which resulted in the strengthening of the Muslim League in Bengal and ultimately partition of India.
It is obvious today that had Subhas been able to carry out his plans, Bengal would be a different entity on the atlas.
Despite opposition from the Congress brass, Subhas was a favorite amongst the majority as he was re-elected for a second term in March 1939.
Subhas resigned and Dr.
Rajendra Prasad assumed the Presidency of the Congress.
In May 1939, Subhas formed the Forward Bloc within the Congress as an umbrella organization of the left forces within the Congress.
Gandhiji and his supporters accused Subhas of breach of Congress party discipline and drafted a resolution removing Subhas from the Congress Working Committee and restrained him from holding any office for three years.
On September 3, 1939 Subhas was informed that war had broken out between Britain and Germany.
Subhas discussed the idea of an underground struggle against the British with members of the Forward Bloc.
Subhas pressurized the Congress leaders to get a Declaration of War Aims from the Viceroy; he declined.
Subhas was elected President of the West Bengal Provincial Congress.
The Forward Bloc progressively became militant and by April 1940 most of its senior members were arrested.
He had made contact with radical Punjab and Pathan activists who had contacts in Afghanistan and Russia to organize a militia.
Subhas knew that Britain was in a vulnerable position following the surrender of France in June 1940.
He announced the launch of Siraj-ud-daula Day on July 3, in memory of the last king of Bengal who was defeated by Clive.
His plan was to hold a procession and to unify Hindu and Muslim nationalists.
The Government interceded and imprisoned Subhas on July 2, 1940 in Presidency Jail, Calcutta.
Netaji believed that foreign assistance was a must to free India from British rule.
In 1939, when the Second World War broke out, Subhas sought assistance from Germany, Italy, and Japan as they were enemies of Britain and thus would be natural allies.
In 1941, he evaded a house-arrest in Calcutta by disguising himself as a Maulavi and going to Kabul, Afghanistan.
Later, he procured an Italian passport and fled to Berlin, Germany.
There he met Hitler and discussed his plans and sought his assistance to free India.
He also sought assistance from Mussolini.
From time to time, he aired his speeches on the Azad Hind Radio best freedom fighters Berlin to communicate his intentions to fellow Indians and to prove that he was still alive.
After the defeat of Germany, Netaji realized that he could not continue his struggle from Germany anymore.
Ultimately, Netaji reached Japan in June, 1943.
He established the Indian National Army INA with some 30,000 Indian soldiers.
He also set up a radio network in South East Asia in order to appeal to the people, both in India and outside, for support.
The INA declared war against Britain and America.
However, the INA had to retreat from the Indo-Burmese border after a heavy defeat of the Japanese troops there.
The British defense was impenetrable.
On August 16, 1945 Netaji boarded a plane from Singapore to Bangkok.
The plane made a stopover in Taipei and crashed within minutes of take-off from Taipei.
To this day, many believe that Netaji escaped from the air crash and went into hiding.
Netaji wanted unconditional and complete freedom.
He dreamed of a classless society with no caste barriers, social inequalities or religious intolerance.
He believed in equal distribution of wealth and destruction of communalism.
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose A Rare Video Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Documentary full 2.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1869 Date of Death : Jan 30, 1948 Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born into a Hindu Modh family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India in 1869.
can best casino in reno reddit opinion up with a devout mother and surrounded by the Jain influences of Gujarat, Gandhi learned from an early age the tenets of non-injury to living beings, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance between members of various creeds and sects.
He was born into the vaishya, or business, caste.
They had four sons: Harilal Gandhi, born in 1888; Manilal Gandhi, born in 1892; Ramdas Gandhi, born in 1897; and Devdas Gandhi, born in 1900.
Gandhi was a mediocre student in his youth at Porbandar and later Rajkot.
He barely passed the matriculation exam for the University of Bombay in 1887, where he joined Samaldas College.
He was also unhappy at the college, because his family wanted him to become a barrister.
He was the pioneer and perfector of Satyagraha — the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience strongly founded upon ahimsa total non-violence — which led India to independence, and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Gandhi is commonly known and addressed in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi and as Bapu.
Though his elders objected, Gandhi could not be prevented from leaving; and it is said that his mother, a devout woman, made him promise that he would keep away from wine, women, and meat during his stay abroad.
Gandhi left behind his son Harilal, then a few months old.
In London, Gandhi encountered theosophists, vegetarians, and others who were disenchanted not only with industrialism, but with the legacy of Enlightenment thought.
They themselves represented the fringe elements of English society.
Gandhi was powerfully attracted to them, as he was to the texts of the major religious traditions; and ironically it is in London that he was introduced to the Bhagavad Gita.
Here, too, Gandhi showed determination and single-minded pursuit of his purpose, and accomplished his objective of finishing his degree from the Inner Temple.
He was called to the bar in 1891, and even enrolled in the High Court of London; but later that year he left for India.
After one year of a none too successful law practice, Gandhi decided to accept an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa, Dada Abdulla, to join him as a legal adviser.
Unbeknown to him, this was to become an exceedingly lengthy stay, and altogether Gandhi was to stay in South Africa for over twenty years.
Gandhi himself came to an awareness of the frightening force and fury of European racism, and how far Indians were from being considered full human beings, when he thrown out of a first-class railway compartment car, though he held a first-class ticket, at Pietermaritzburg.
From this political awakening Gandhi was to emerge as the leader of the Indian community, and click is in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance.
Gandhi was to describe himself preeminently as a votary or seeker of satya truthwhich could not be attained other than through ahimsa non-violence, love and brahmacharya celibacy, striving towards God.
Gandhi conceived of his own life as a series of experiments to forge the use of satyagraha in such a manner as to make the oppressor and the oppressed alike recognize their common bonding and humanity: as he recognized, freedom is only freedom when it is indivisible.
Gandhi returned to India in early 1915, and was never to leave the country again except for a short trip that took him to Europe in 1931.
Though he was not completely unknown in India, Gandhi followed the advice of his political mentor, Gokhale, and took it upon himself to acquire a familiarity with Indian conditions.
He traveled widely for one year.
Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar, where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.
Over the next two years, Gandhi initiated the non-cooperation movement, which called upon Indians to withdraw from British institutions, to return honors conferred by the British, and to learn the art of self-reliance; though the British administration was at places paralyzed, the movement was suspended in February 1922 when a score of Indian policemen were brutally killed by a large crowd at Chauri Chaura, a small market town in the United Provinces.
Gandhi himself was arrested shortly thereafter, tried on charges of sedition, and sentenced to imprisonment for six years.
At The Great Trial, as it is known to his biographers, Gandhi delivered a masterful indictment of British rule.
Owing to his poor health, Gandhi was released from prison in 1925.
Over the following years, he worked hard to preserve Hindu-Muslim relations, and in 1924 he observed, from his prison cell, a 21-day fast when Hindu-Muslim riots broke out at Kohat, a military barracks on the Northwest Frontier.
Gandhi earned the hostility of Ambedkar, the leader of the untouchables, but few doubted that Gandhi was genuinely interested in removing the serious disabilities from which they suffered, just as no one doubt that Gandhi never accepted the argument that Hindus and Muslims constituted two separate elements in Indian society.
Gandhi had ideas — mostly sound — on every subject, from hygiene and nutrition to education and labor, and he relentlessly pursued his ideas in one of the many newspapers which he founded.
Indeed, were Gandhi known for nothing else in India, he would still be remembered as one of the principal figures in the history of Indian journalism.
In early 1930, as the nationalist movement was revived, the Indian National Congress, the preeminent body of nationalist opinion, declared that it would now be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence purna swaraj.
Once the clarion call had been issued, it was perforce necessary to launch a movement of resistance against British rule.
Predictably, his letter was received with bewildered amusement, and accordingly Gandhi set off, on the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers towards Dandi on the sea.
They arrived there on April 5th: Gandhi picked up a small lump of natural salt, and so gave the signal to hundreds of thousands of people to similarly defy the law, since the British exercised a monopoly on the production and sale of salt.
This was the beginning of the civil disobedience movement: Gandhi himself was arrested, and thousands of others were also hauled into jail.
It is to break this deadlock that Irwin agreed to hold talks with Gandhi, and subsequently the British agreed to hold a Round Table Conference in London to negotiate the possible terms of Indian independence.
Gandhi went to London in 1931 and met some of his admirers in Europe, but the negotiations proved inconclusive.
On his return to India, he was once again arrested.
For the next few years, Gandhi would be engaged mainly in the constructive reform of Indian society.
He had vowed upon undertaking the salt march that he would not return to Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, where he had made his home, if India did not attain its independence, and in the mid-1930s he established himself in a remote village, in the dead center of India, by the name of Segaon known as Sevagram.
Gandhi also continued to travel throughout the country, taking him wherever his services were required.
At the outset of World War II, Gandhi and the Congress leadership assumed a position of neutrality: while clearly critical of fascism, they could not find it in themselves to support British imperialism.
Bose tendered his resignation, and shortly thereafter was to make a dramatic escape from India to find support among the Japanese and the Nazis for his plans to liberate India.
In 1942, Gandhi issued the last call for independence from British rule.
On the grounds of what is now known as August Kranti Maidan, he delivered a stirring speech, asking every Indian to lay down their life, if necessary, in the cause of freedom.
The response of the British government was to place Gandhi under arrest, and virtually the entire Congress leadership was to find itself behind bars, not to be released until after the conclusion of the war.
Sensing that the political leaders were now craving for power, Gandhi largely distanced himself from the negotiations.
He declared his opposition to the vivisection of India.
It is generally conceded, even by his detractors, that the last years of his life were in some respects his finest.
Hindu and Sikh refugees had streamed into the capital from what had become Pakistan, and there best freedom fighters much resentment, which easily translated into violence, against Muslims.
It was partly in an attempt to put an end to the killings in Delhi, and more generally to the bloodshed following the partition, which may have taken the lives of as many as 1 million people, besides causing the dislocation of no fewer than 11 million, that Gandhi was to commence the last fast unto death of his life.
A few days later, a bomb exploded in Birla House where Gandhi was holding his evening prayers, but it caused no injuries.
However, his assassin, a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin by the name of Nathuram Godse, was not so easily deterred.
Gandhi, quite characteristically, refused additional security, and no one could defy his wish to be allowed to move around unhindered.
As he was about to mount the steps of the podium, Gandhi folded his hands and greeted his audience with a namaskar; at that moment, a young man came up to him and roughly pushed aside Manu.
Nathuram Godse bent down in the gesture of an obeisance, took a revolver out of his pocket, and shot Gandhi three times in his chest.
As Gandhi fell, his faithful time-piece struck the ground, and the hands of the watch came to a standstill.
They showed, as they had done before, the precise time: 5:12 P.
Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru Date of Birth : Nov 14, 1889 Date of Death : May 27, 1964 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Political party : Indian National See more Took Office best slots ii download no Aug 15, 1947 Left Office : May 27, 1964 Successor : Lal Bahadur Shastri Jawaharlal Nehru also called Pandit Nehru, was an important leader of the Indian Independence Movement and the Indian National Congress, and became the first Prime Minister of India when India won its independence on August 15, 1947.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, to Swaroop Rani, the wife of Motilal Nehru, a wealthy Allahabad based barrister and political leader himself.
The Nehru family is of Kashmiri lineage and of the Saraswat Brahmin caste.
Educated in the finest Indian schools of the time, Nehru returned from education in England at Harrow, Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple to practice law before following his father into learn more here />At the time of his wedding on 8 February 1916, Jawaharlal was twenty-six, a British-educated barrister.
Kamala came from a well-known business family of Kashmiris in Delhi.
His father Motilal Nehru was already a prominent figure in the Indian National Congress and had served as its president.
He began to draw closer to the rising leadership of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a former barrister who had won battles for equality and political rights for Indians in South Africa, and had emerged a national hero with the successful struggles in Champaran, Bihar and Kheda in Gujarat.
Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru abandoned western clothes and tastes for expensive possessions and pastimes, and adopted Hindi, or Hindustani as their common language of use.
Young Jawaharlal now wore a khadi kurta and a Gandhi cap, all white — the new uniform of the Indian nationalist.
Nehru was first arrested by the British during the Non-Cooperation Movement 1920-1922but released after a few months.
After Gandhi suspended civil resistance in 1922 as a result of the killing of policemen in Chauri Chaura, thousands of Congressmen were disillusioned.
When Gandhi opposed participation in the newly created legislative councils, many followed leaders like Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru to form the Swaraj Party, which advocated entry but only to sabotage government from within, as a tool to extracting concessions from the British to ensure stability.
But Nehru did not join his father and stayed with Gandhi and the Congress.
From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee, an important step in his rise to Congress national leadership.
With the Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, led by the rising nationalist leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Congress was back in the business of revolution.
Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose backed a call for full political independence, while Motilal Nehru and others wanted dominion status within the British Empire.
To resolve the point, Gandhi said that the British would be given two years to grant India dominion status.
If they did not, the Congress would launch a national struggle for full, political independence.
Nehru and Bose reduced the time of opportunity to one year.
The British did not respond.
When the Congress convened its session in 1929, Gandhi backed the young Jawaharlal for the Congress presidency.
Nehru was arrested in 1930, and during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 for a number of years.
The revolt was an astounding national success.
Millions of Indians had participated, and the British were ultimately forced to acknowledge that there was a need for major political reform.
When the British promulgated the Government of India Act 1935, the Congress Party decided to contest elections.
Nehru stayed out of the elections, but campaigned vigorously nationwide for the party.
The Congress formed governments in almost every province, and won the largest number of seats in the Central Assembly, which the Congress had denounced as powerless.
But it was able to exercise control of provincial affairs, giving India its first taste of democratic self-government.
Nehru was elected again to the Congress Presidency in 1936, and again in 1937.
But the effort was strongly criticized by major Congress leaders, including Gandhi and Sardar Patel, though for different reasons.
However, Nehru had grown politically closer to Congress socialists like Jaya Prakash Narayan, Narendra Dev and the liberal-socialist Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
It is a very readable and honest account that contains many anecdotes and insights in the political and social circumstances of pre-war India.
When World War II broke out, Nehru and the Congress condemned the unilateral decision made by the British viceroy to enter India, but were divided as to what to do about it.
This was opposed by Gandhi, but marked the first occasion when Nehru, and indeed a majority of Congress leaders went against his advice.
Several British politicians and British officials backed the offer, considering Indian support valuable, but the bid failed when the British ruled out any political reform.
The Congress Party ordered all of its elected members in the Central and provincial assemblies to resign, and another national struggle seemed inevitable.
Although many other Indian political parties opposed the call, Gandhi and Sardar Patel convinced Nehru and Azad, and the entire Indian National Congress to a final showdown with the British Empire.
The Quit India Movement was launched on August 13, 1942.
The Congress made an open call for complete independence immediately.
Only an independent India would decide whether India would participate in the war.
The Congress asked all Indians to boycott British goods, the institutions and factories run by the British, public services and government programs.
Major strikes, protests and demonstrations broke out all over India, and although other political parties did not participate, it proved to be the most forceful revolt in the history of British rule.
Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were immediately arrested.
The Committee was imprisoned in a fort-turned-prison in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, separate from Gandhi, who was imprisoned in Pune.
The British had made arrangements to deport the leaders if necessary, but felt that then any chance of regaining order would be lost due to public outrage.
Outside, hundreds of thousands of Indian freedom fighters were imprisoned, and thousands were killed in police firings.
Upon the end of the war, Nehru and the Congress leadership were released.
Imprisoned for a total of over 13 years, he was President of the Congress in 1929, 1936, 1937 and 1947.
He became the Vice President of the Interim Government on September 2, 1946 and later the Prime Minister of Independent India on August 15, 1947.
For children, he was Chacha uncle Nehru.
In 1946, Nehru had moved into the former residence of the British Commander in Chief of the Indian Army on York Road, in Delhi.
Over the years she became his virtual chief of staff — managing his schedule and appointments, instructing the staff of the residence and often accompanying him on foreign trips and in meetings with world leaders.
His daughter Indira Gandhi would become Prime Minister within two years of his death in 1966, and would serve for 15 years and 3 terms.
His grandson Rajiv Gandhi would hold that office from 1984 to 1989.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru Very RARE Film 4.
Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh Date of Birth : Sep 27, 1907 Date of Death : Mar 23, 1931 Place of Birth : Jalandhar Bhagat Singh September 27, 1907 — March 23, 1931 was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle.
Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family to Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in the Khatkar Kalan village near Banga in the Jalandhar district of Punjab.
His uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, as well as his father, were great freedom fighters, so Bhagat Singh grew up in a patriotic atmosphere.
He also established the secret organization, the Bharat Mata Society.
At an early age, Bhagat Singh started dreaming of uprooting the British empire.
The Ghadar Movement left a deep imprint on his mind.
Kartar Sing Sarabha, hanged at the age of 19, became his hero.
He studied in the D.
At the age of 16, he used to wonder why so many Indians could not drive away these fistful of invaders.
In search of revolutionary groups and ideas, he met Sukhdev and Rajguru.
Bhagat Singh, along with the help of Chandrashekhar Azad, formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army HSRA.
To avenge his death, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru killed Mr.
Saunders one of the deputy officers in connection with the Simon Commission.
However, things changed, and the Britishers arrested Bhagat Singh and his friends on April 8, 1929.
He and his friends wanted to be shot dead, since they were termed as prisoners of war.
Their request was not fulfilled, and on March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged to death.
He did his best and when he was being led to the gallows, he was satisfied that he had lived up to his principles, irrespective of the consequences.
Rajendra Prasad Date of Birth : Dec 3, 1884 Date of Death : Feb 28, 1963 Place of Birth : Zeradei, Bihar Tenure Order : 1st President Took Office : Jan 26, 1950 Left Office : May 13, 1962 Successor : Dr.
Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.
Rajendra Prasad was a great freedom-fighter, and the architect of the Indian Constitution, having served as President of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution of the Republic from 1948 to 1950.
He had also served as a Cabinet Minister briefly in the first Government of Independent India.
He was a crucial leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Prasad was born in Jiradei, in the Siwan district of Bihar.
His father, Mahadev Sahay, was a Persian and Sanskrit language scholar; his mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady who would tell stories from the Ramayana to her son.
At the age of 5, the young Rajendra Prasad was sent to a Maulavi for learning Persian.
After that he was sent to Chapra Zilla School for further primary studies.
He was married at the age of 12 to Rajvanshi Devi.
He then went on to study at R.
Soon afterward, however, he rejoined the Chapra Zilla School, and it was from there that he passed the entrance examination of Calcutta University, at the age of 18.
He stood first in the first division of that examination.
He then joined the Presidency College, Calcutta.
He was initially a student of science and his teachers included J.
Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy.
Later he decided to switch his focus to the arts.
A plaque still commemorates his stay in that room.
He had been initiated into the Swadeshi movement by his brother.
He then joined the Dawn Society run by Satish Chandra Mukherjee, and Sister Nivedita.
In 1911, he joined the A.
However, his family estate was in bad condition.
He was looked upon as the provider.
But he sought permission from his brother in a letter to join the Indian freedom movement.
The shock of his brother, however, held him to the family.
In 1916, Rajendra Prasad joined the High Court of Bihar, and Orissa.
Such was his intellect and his integrity, that often when his adversary failed to cite a precedent, the judges asked Rajendra Prasad to cite a precedent against himself.
After meeting Mahatma Gandhi, he quit as a Senator of the University, much to the regret of the British Vice-Chancellor.
He also responded to the call by the Mahatma to boycott Western education by asking his son Please click for source Prasad, a brilliant student to drop out of the University and enroll himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, an institution he had along with his colleagues founded on the traditional Indian model.
He wrote articles for Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers.
He toured a lot, explaining, lecturing and exhorting.
When the earthquake of Bihar occurred on January 15, 1934, Rajendra Prasad was in jail.
He was released two days later.
He set himself for the task of raising funds.
The Viceroy had also raised a fund.
The way relief was organized left nothing to be desired.
Nationalist India expressed its admiration by electing him to the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress.
After India became independent he was elected the President of India.
As President, he used his moderating influence so silently and unobtrusively that he neither reigned nor ruled.
His sister Bhagwati Devi died on the night of 25 January 1960.
She doted on her dearly-loved younger brother.
It must have taken Rajendra Prasad all his will power to have taken the Republic Day salute as usual, on the following day.
It was only on return from the parade that he set about the task of cremation.
In 1962, after 12 years as President, he announced his decision to retire.
Within months of his retirement, early in September 1962, his wife Rajvanshi Devi passed away.
Because of the enormous public adulation he enjoyed, he was referred to as Desh Ratna or the Jewel of the country.
His legacy is being ably carried forward by his great grandson Ashoka Jahnavi-Prasad, a psychiatrist and a scientist of international repute who introduced sodium valproate as a safer alternative to lithium salts in the treatment of bipolar disorders.
Dr Rajendra Prasad,Our First President,Story, Arvind 6.
Lal Bahadur Shastri Lal Bahadur Shastri Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1904 Date of Death : Jan 11, 1966 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India and a significant figure in the struggle for independence.
Shashtriji was born in Mughalsarai, in Uttar Pradesh.
To take part in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi in 1921, he began studying source the nationalist, Kashi Vidyapeeth in Kashi, and upon completion, he was given the title Shastri, or Scholar, Doctor at Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926.
He spent almost nine years in jail in total, mostly after the start of the Satyagraha movement in 1940, he was imprisoned until 1946.
In 1951, he was appointed General Secretary of the Lok Sabha before re-gaining a ministerial post as Railways Minister.
He resigned as Minister following a rail disaster near Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu.
He returned to the Cabinet following the General Elections, first as Minister for Transport, in 1961, he became Home Minister.
Shastri worked by his natural characteristics to obtain compromises between opposing viewpoints, but in his short tenure was ineffectual in dealing with the economic crisis and food shortage in the nation.
However, he commanded a great deal of respect in the Indian populace, and he used it to advantage in pushing the Green Revolution in India; which directly led to India becoming a food-surplus nation, although he did not live to see it.
His administration began on a rocky turf.
In 1965 Pakistan attacked India on the Kashmiri front and Lal Bahadur Shastri responded in kind by punching toward Lahore.
In 1966 a cease-fire was issued as a result of international pressure.
Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent to hold talks with Ayub Khan and an agreement was soon signed.
Lal Bahadur passed away in Tashkent before returning home.
All his lifetime, he was known for his honesty and humility.
Lal Bahadur Shastri — Meeting in Tashkent 1966 7.
Chandrashekhar Azad Chandrashekhar Azad Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1906 Date of Death : Feb 27, 1931 Place of Birth : India Chandrasekhar Azad was a great Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary thinker.
Revered for his audacious deeds and fierce patriotism, he was the mentor of Bhagat Singh, the famous Indian martyr.
Chandrasekhar Azad is considered one of the greatest Indian freedom fighter along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Ram Prasad Bismil, and Ashfaqulla Khan.
He received his early schooling in Bhavra District Jhabua Madhya Pradesh.
For higher studies he went to the Sanskrit Pathashala at Varanasi.
Young Azad was one of the young generation of Indians when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement.
But many were disillusioned with the suspension of the struggle in 1922 owing to the Chauri Chaura massacre of 22 policemen.
Although Gandhi was appalled by the brutal violence, Azad did not feel that violence was unacceptable in the struggle, especially in view of the Amritsar Massacre of 1919, where Army units killed hundreds of unarmed civilians and wounded thousands in Amritsar.
Young Azad and contemporaries like Bhagat Singh were deeply and emotionally influenced by that tragedy.
Azad and others had committed themselves to absolute independence by any means.
He was most famous for The Kakori Rail Dacoity in 1925 and the assassination of the assistant superintendent of Police John Poyantz Saunders in 1928.
Azad and his compatriots would target British officials known for their oppressive actions against ordinary people, or for beating and torturing arrested freedom fighters.
Azad was also a believer in socialism as the basis for a future India, free of social and economic oppression and adversity.
Bhagat Singh joined Azad following the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, an Indian leader who was beaten to death by police officials.
Azad trained Singh and others in covert activities, and the latter grew close to him after witnessing his resolve, patriotism and courage.
Betrayed by an informer on 27 February 1931 Azad was encircled by British troops in the Alfred park, Allahabad.
He kept on fighting till the last bullet.
Azad is a hero to many Indians today.
Alfred Park was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad park, as have been scores of schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions across India.
Chandra Shekhar Azad Freedom Fighter 8.
His actual date of birth was never officially recorded — Patel entered October 31st as his date of birth on his matriculation examination papers.
He was the fourth son of Jhaverbhai and Ladba Patel, and lived in the village of Karamsad, in the Kheda district.
Somabhai, Narsibhai and Vithalbhai Patel also a future political leader were his elder brothers.
He had a younger brother, Kashibhai, and a sister, Dahiba.
Patel helped his father in the fields, and bimonthly kept a day-long fast, abstaining from food and water — a cultural observance that enabled him to develop physical tougheness.
Patel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad, living self-sufficiently with other boys.
He took his matriculation at the late age of 22; at this point, he was generally regarded by his elder relatives as an unambitious man destined for a commonplace job.
He would then set aside funds, travel to England, then train to become a barrister.
During the many years it took him to save money, Vallabhbhai — now a pleader — earned a reputation as a fierce and skilled lawyer.
He had also cultivated a stoic character — he lanced a painful boil without hesitation, even as the barber supposed to do it trembled.
Patel spent years away from his family, pursuing his goals assiduously.
His wife bore him a daughter, Manibehn, in 1904, and later a son, Dahyabhai, in 1906.
Patel also cared for a personal friend suffering from Bubonic plague when it swept the state.
After Patel himself came down with the disease, he immediately sent away his family to safety, left his home, and moved into an isolated house in Nadiad by other accounts, Patel spent this time in a dilapidated temple ; there, he recovered slowly.
Patel took on the financial burdens of his homestead in Karamsad even while saving for England and supporting a young family.
He made way for his brother Vithalbhai Patel to travel to England in place of him, on his own saved money and opportunity.
Her health suddenly worsened, and despite successful emergency surgery, she died.
As per others who witnessed, Patel read the note, pocketed it and continued to intensely cross-examine the witness, and won the case.
He broke the news to others only after the proceedings had ended.
Patel himself decided against marrying again.
He raised his children with the in best russia casino of his family, and sent them to English-medium schools in Mumbai then Bombay.
At the age of 36, he journeyed to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple Inn in London.
Finishing a 36-month course in 30 months, Patel topped his class despite having no previous college background.
Wearing European-style clothes and urbane mannerisms, he also became a skilled bridge player at the Gujarat Club.
His close friends would include his neighbours Dr.
Balwantray and Nandubehn Kanuga, who would remain dear to him, and a young lawyer, Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar.
He had also made a pact with his brother Vithalbhai to support his entry into politics in Bombay, while Patel himself would remain in Ahmedabad and provide for the family.
Vallabhbhai Patel was a major political and social leader of India and its struggle for independence, and is credited for achieving the political integration of independent India.
In India and across the world, he is known as Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, where Sardar stands for Chief in many languages of India.
Patel organized the peasants of Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj — becoming one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat.
He rose to the leadership of the Indian National Congress and at the forefront of rebellions and political events — organizing the party for elections in 1934 and 1937, and leading Indians into the Quit India movement.
He was imprisoned by the British government on numerous occasions, especially from 1931 to 1934, and from 1942 to 1945.
Becoming the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Click organized relief and rehabilitation efforts in the riot-struck Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore security.
Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from a plethora of semi-independent princely states, colonial provinces and possessions.
Patel employed an iron fist in a velvet glove diplomacy — frank political negotiations backed with the option and the use of military action to weld a nation that could emancipate its people without the prospect of divisions or civil conflict.
His leadership obtained the peaceful and swift integration of all 565 princely states into the Republic best freedom fighters India.
His admirers call him the Iron Man of India.
The plane had made an emergency landing in the desert of Rajasthan upon an engine failure, and Patel and all passengers were safe, and traced by nearby villagers.
When Patel returned to Delhi, members of Parliament and thousands of Congressmen gave him a raucous welcome.
In Parliament, MPs gave a thunderous ovation to Patel — stopping proceedings for half an hour.
Till his last few days, he was constantly at work in Delhi.
After suffering a massive heart attack — his second — he died in Bombay on December 15th, 1950.
His cremation in Sonapur, Bombay, was attended by large crowds, Nehru, Rajagopalachari, President Prasad and many Congressmen and freedom fighters.
Documentary: Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 9.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1856 Date of Death : 1920 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Bal Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Tilak sparked the fire for complete independence in Indian consciousness, and is considered the father of Hindu nationalism as well.
Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!
This famous quote of his is very popular and well-remembered in India even today.
He was born on July 23, 1856, in a village near Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, into a middle class Chitpavan Brahmin family.
Tilak was an avid student with a special aptitude for mathematics.
After graduation, Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune and later became a journalist.
Tilak founded the Marathi daily Kesari The Lion which fast became a popular reading for the common people of India.
Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in the 1890s, but soon fell into opposition of its liberal-moderate attitude towards the fight for self-government.
Tilak opposed the moderate views of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and was supported by fellow Indian nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal in Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab.
When arrested on charges of sedition in 1906, Tilak asked a young Mohammad Ali Jinnah to represent him.
But the British judge convicted him and he was imprisoned from 1908 to 1914 in Mandalay, Burma.
Upon his release, Tilak re-united with his fellow nationalists and re-united the Indian National Congress in 1916.
He also helped found the All India Home Rule League in 1916-18 with Annie Besant and Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
Tilak proposed various social reforms, such as a minimum age for marriage, and was especially keen to see a prohibition placed on the sale of alcohol.
His thoughts on education and Indian political life have remained highly influential — he was the first Congress leader to suggest that Hindi, written in the devanagari script, should be accepted as the sole national language of India, a policy that was later strongly endorsed by Mahatma Gandhi.
However, English, which Tilak wished to remove completely from the Indian mind, remains an important means of communication in India.
His call for boycott of foreign goods also served to inspire patriotism among Indian masses.
Although once considered an extremist revolutionary, in his later years Tilak had considerably mellowed.
He favored political dialogue and discussions as a more effective way to obtain political freedom for India, and did not support leaving the British Empire.
However, Tilak is considered in many ways to have created the nationalist movement in India, by expanding the struggle for political freedoms and self-government to the common people of India.
Tilak was considered the political and spiritual leader of India by many, and Gandhi is considered his successor.
When Tilak died in 1920, Gandhi paid his respects at his cremation in Bombay, along with 200,000 people.
Tilak is also today considered the father of Hindu Nationalism.
He was the idol of Indian revolutionary Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, who penned the political doctrine check this out Hindutva.
Rare Voice Of Lokmanya Tilak.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Gopal Krishna Gokhale Date of Birth : May 9, 1866 Date of Death : 1915 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born on May 9, 1866, in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, and he became one of the most learned men in India, a leader of social and political reformists and one of the earliest, founding leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.
Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and the Servants of India Society.
Gokhale was a great, early Indian champion for public education.
Being one of the first generations of Indians to receive college education, Gokhale was respected widely in the nascent Indian intellecutal community and acoss India, whose people looked up to him as the least elitist of educated Indians.
Coming from a background of poverty, Gokhale was a real man of the people, a hero to young Indians discovering the new age and the prospects of the coming 20th century; he worked amongst common Indians to encourage education, sanitation and public development.
He actively spoke against ignorance, casteism and untouchability in Indian society.
Gokhale was also reputed for working for trust and friendship between Hindu and Muslim communities.
It should be remembered that Gokhale was a pioneer in this work, never done before best freedom fighters Indian history by Indians.
Along with distinguished colleagues like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dadabhai Naoroji, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai and Annie Besant, Gokhale fought for decades to obtain greater political representation and power over public affairs for common Indians.
He was moderate in his views and attitudes, and sought to petition the British authorities, cultivate a process of dialogue and discussion which would yield greater British respect for Indian rights.
Tilak advocated civil agitation and direct revolution to overthrow the British Empire, and the Congress Party split into two wings.
The two sides would patch up in 1916.
Gokhale did not support explicit Indian independence, for such an idea was not even understood or expressed until after the World War I.
Gokhale was famously a mentor to a young barrister who had been blooded in the work of revolution in South Africa a few years earlier.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi received great warmth and hospitality from Gokhale, including personal guidance, knowledge and understanding of India, the issues of common Indians and Indian politics.
By 1920, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi would become known as Mahatma Gandhi, and ad the leader of nationalist Indians and the largest non-violent revolution in the history of the world.
However, Gokhale himself died in 1915.
Anyhow Mr Shivansh tiwari, you have atleast taught to add the name of women in this list.
Hi Raju, I completely agree with you, do not expect that somebody should come and save the country, it is only the collective will and efforts of common citizens like you and me who should take up these issues and try to find a solution for the problems we are facing today.
I agree to u bro my name is akash kaman really people are wasting their time many other unnessosary things 1 vasudev balavant fadke 2 lokmanya bal gagadhar tilak 3 mahatma fule 4 netaji shubhashchandra bose 5 swatyantrya veer savarkar 6 lal bahadur shashtri 7 bhagat singh theese r the real freedom fighter but gandhi is not a fighter because he was a only simple indian….
Freedom fight can be different ways.
Path Gandhiji chose was travel all over India and tried to explain the problems that India was facing during that period.
Path chosen by Bhagat, Chandrasekhar etc was militant action.
Path chosen by Subhash Chandra Bose was by creating Azad Hind Fouz Military Action.
Everybody had their own paths and did work for freedom.
We are not the people to decide whether they were good leaders or bad leaders.
U ARE WRONG WITHOUT GANDHI THIS FREEDOM AND WAR I WILL NOT TO END.
EACH AND EVERY PERSONS ARE IMPORTANT FOR THIS WAR AND FREEDOM Hello Mr, I really do not why have you given ranking like this?
Subhas chandra bose sacrifice his high posting Indian Civil Service ,Congress president and also post independence prime minister.
He is the real hero.
Great leader with unbeleivable courage.
Highly intelligent and medernised thinking.
Even our great narayan murthy of Infosys has agreed upon this.
My Ranking 1 Nethaji Subhas chadra Bose 2 Gandiji 3 Bagat Singh 4 Sardar Vallabhai Patel 5 Shastri 6 Bala Gangadhar Tilak 7 Chandra Shekar Azad I really agree with you Vinay.
He put his life in danger for many times.
Even in those years he travelled to Berlin,Russia,Japan by Submarine.
Those days it used to take 3 months.
Why all this was required for him.
Having got married to Austrian and being a highly qualified and rank student in ICS.
He coined Jai Hind.
His music portrayed in International conference was later become of our National Anthem music.
Only Indian who dared Britishes.
Even the trials of his INA in 1946 made our British indian army Indians to realize about their duties.
This helped us to achieve Independence.
It was accepted by then British prime minister Atlee.
He is all times great.
He was not given the due respect that he was deserved.
Hello Sachin, I really agree that Nethaji is number 1 in the list because of the following reason: THE Indian struggle for Independence saw many heroes emerge.
Some took the path of non-violence like Gandhiji, some chose the political arena like Nehru, some fought battles like Rani Lakshmibai, somebecame spiritual seekers like Sri Aurobindo and some took to literature like Subramaniya Bharati.
But if there was one person who managed to leave his mark at all avenues of the freedom struggle, it was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
The generals of the Indian National Army were brought by the British colonial power in court, they hanged 3 INA majors in 1946.
This was the major mistake British has done.
Because of this, there was a nationwide protest.
In addition to mass demonstrations there was a mutiny in the Royal Navy.
First Indian nationalism on Indian soldiers had jumped previously regarded as brave and loyal.
The British therefore issued a general amnesty for the armed forces personnel.
Many historians belevied that this was the main reason for Indias Independence though there were several other reasons.
But the ranking given here is based on the activities to serve for our freedom.
Hello Vinay and Sachin, I really agree with you.
Both Gandhiji and Subhas chandra Bose were followed by masses.
Nethaji is considerd to be greatest leader ever world has produced for Japanese.
He is the true leader,an visionary.
He made the concept of Army, otherwise our country would have been like Africa.
He is selfless great legend for which he has special https://fablabs.ru/best/netent-casino-best-bonus.html of millions of Indians.
HI hello u know the hand behind Nethajis vision is swatyantrya veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, once Nethajis and saverkar best freedom fighters on same Dias, it was a time of secound world war.
I read a lot of Freedom books and found this facts that during the first election in Congress for PMSardar Patel had most votes.
Nehru threatened Gandhi for making him PM or else he will break Congress and leak inner secrets to British.
BHARAT MATHA KI JAI.
IAM PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN.
I LOVE MY COUNTRY.
I FEEL GREAT THAT I WAS BORN IN INDIA.
I SALUTE MY NATION WITH PROUD.
South indians starts freedom fight against ….
I am very click here />All boys are not always fond of falling in love with girls and moreover girls are not fond of impressing boys.
I love the details gn in this blog.
Bharatha Matha ki jai…!
SWETHA I agree all are freedom fighters only but this type ranking i wont accept and camparison is not good This is Lord Macale Education, We can ranked our Freedom Fighter.
Just we put a list of freedom fighters.
And he is the best freedom fighter India.
I love India and I also like the freedom fighter mother teresa Panini Prajna,Sambalpur,ODISHA—Our indian fighter r bravy and very strong.
They devote his life for our nation.
But now a days Maximum Politician r devote for himself……thats not good.
YOU IDIOT BHUSHANMH9, GHANDHIJI WAS THE BIGGEST FIGHTER OF THEM ALL!!!!
FOR HE WAS THE FIRST TO WIN A WAR WITH PEACE AND THAT IS HOW A TRUE FIGHTER SHOULD BE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Certainly as every says even i feel proud to be called as Indian.
Well i wont say that all our fighters are past but we at least being Indians at present as youngsters lets still fight for our country.
Hope everyone agrees that still our country is not free from corruption.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Nehru was ner a politician……he was a crooked power broker working for himself only.
He fought the British only when he saw their women around.
This fool created Kashmir by fingering the pimp called Hari Singh.
NEHRU WAS A POWER DALAL!!!
Top 5 Freedom Fighters — 1 Bhagat Singh 2 Chandrashekhar Azad 3 Sardar Patel 4 Rajendra Prasad 5 Lal Bahadur Shastri Pandit Nehru is not a Freedom Fighter because he was the one who started politics.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Somebody comment on this one!!!
Nice comments, relating to subject.
THE FIRST BORN REVOLUTIONIST.
AND IN VICTORY OF FREEDOM…IT WAS BOSE….
AT FIRST Amar kumar guys you all are wrong ,the first freedom fighter was Matadin bhangi{valmiki} and the second one mangal pandey in 1847….
Can you say that we can rank Indians because of their love for India?
NO, we all love India equally and do our best in our own way to make it a better place.
If all Indians think like this about ranking, India will never get anywhere in the world!
I respect all the Freedom Fighters.
There should not be a comparison between the Freedom Fighters like Top Fighters or Bottom Fighters.
Jwahar Lal Nehru should not be at 3rd actually he should not be in the list!!!!
Jawaharlal Nehru was not a freedom fighter……he was a pilitical agent before independece, power broker, who created the cancer called Kashmir.
To know Netaji, read his facts on Wekipedia and any other bolgs of credibility!!!
The list gives prizes to some very average freedom fighters but forgets top contributors: a Veer Savarkar for https://fablabs.ru/best/best-biloxi-casino-slots.html daring escape from the British steamer at Marseilles b Kumar Singh, King of Jagdishpur: Was driven out of his kingdom Jagdishpur in 1857 by the British when he was 80 years old and ailing only to come back from the jungles trained with a guerilla army to drive out the British and reclaim his territory c Vasudeo Balwant Phadke: First armed revolutionary of India d Mangal Pandey: Pioneer of the revolt of 1857 e Madanlal Dhingra: Ran revolutionary group Abhinav Bharat with Savarkar in London and shot Curzon Wylie f Chapekar Brothers: Shot at British Commisioner Mr.
Rand and were sentenced to death g Azimullah Khan: Sided with Nana Saheb Peshwa, Tatya Tope and Bahadurshah Zafar to capture Peshawar to Cooch Behar from the British.
He in turn replied that he will cut of the hands of whosoever attempts to wage jihad on the Hindus.
THEY ALL SACRIFICED, BUT NOW OUR POLITICIANS ARE MAKING FIGHT AMONG OURSELVES.
CAN YOU SEE IT?
WHAT IS THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THESE POLITICIANS WHO DID NOT CONTRIBUTED ANYTHING TO THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE?
THOSE WHO TALK NOW WERE ALSO BORN.
NO ASK OR LIST OPENLY HOW MAJORITY OF THE FAMILY OF FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE STILL HUNGRY, UNEMPLOYED, WITHOUT SHELTERS.
AT LEAST CARING THEM WILL INSPIRE AND KEEP THE STRUGGLE ON OF FREEDOM IN FUTURE.
HOPE OUR CARING GOVERNMENT WILL TAKE A SPEEDY DECISION AS MANY FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE NO MORE AND LET THEM SEE THEIR FAMILY HONERS.
Mera que sabhi logo se hai Kya desh ko Azad karane me totally HINDU hi they ya MUSLIM ya SIKH bhi they?

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Post-Independence, "Freedom fighter" is an officially recognised category by the Indian government covering those who took part in the movement; people in this category (can also include dependant family members) get pensions and other benefits like special railway counters. LIST OF FREEDOM FIGHTERS


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Discussing about top 10 greatest freedom fighters in the world, few has a prominent names. These famous freedom fighters of all time fought against evil.


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A freedom best freedom fighters is a person engaged in a resistance movement against what they believe to be an best freedom fighters and illegitimate government.
Here are some of the excellent freedom fighters.
Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 2 October 1869 — 30 January 1948 link the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.
Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom best freedom fighters the world.
The honorific Mahatma applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa.
Now it is used worldwide.
He is also called Bapu in India.
He was born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, western India and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London.
Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km Dandi Salt March in 1930 and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942.
He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha.
He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest.
Indians widely describe Gandhi as the father of the nation.
His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday and world-wide as the International Day of Nonviolence.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal Best freedom fighters Tilak 23 July 1856 — 1 August 1920 born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak.
He was an Best slot at mgm springfield nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist.
He was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Tilak being a best freedom fighters vocal advocate of Swaraj, did not see eye to eye with Mahatma Gandhi on the means of achieving independence.
Born into a Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj.
Lala Lajpat Rai was killed at the hands of the police.
Bhagat Singh wanted revenge for this incidence.
He became involved in the murder of the British Police Officer John Saunders.
The police tried to capture him.
However, Bhagat Singh was successful in avoiding arrest.
He made a plan to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly.
He partnered with Batukeshwar Dutt for this task.
He bombarded the assembly with two bombs.
They were shouting slogans of revolution and threw pamphlets.
After the bombarding, they surrendered.
He underwent a 116 day fast in jail and so he did not have food for that long.
He did this to demand equal political rights for both British and Indian political prisoners.
He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder, aged 23.
His legacy prompted youth in India to begin fighting for Indian independence and he continues to be a youth idol in modern India.
Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru 14 November 1889 — 27 May 1964 was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century.
He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964.
During his lifetime, he was popularly known as Pandit Nehru or as Panditji, while many Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru.
Nehru was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple where he trained to be a barrister.
Upon his return to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court and took an interest in national politics which eventually replaced his legal practice.
Bhimrao Ambedkar 14 April 1891 — 6 December 1956popularly known as Babasaheb.
He was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables Dalitswomen and labour.
In his early career he was an economist, professor, and lawyer.
In 1956 he converted to Buddhism, initiating mass conversions of Dalits.

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Here are some of the excellent freedom fighters. 1. Mahatma Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.


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5 Popular Freedom Fighters Behind India's Independence - ALLRefer
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TOP 50 FREEDOM FIGHTERS IN INDIA

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Freedom Fighters: The Ray is also set prior to the events of the 2017 live-action Arrowverse crossover, "Crisis on Earth-X". Guggenheim added that the animated series featured some "continuity mix-ups...


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Top 10 Freedom Fighters in India is a article to describe top most personalities of our Indian freedom struggle. In India, freedom struggle happened almost for a centuries. Our Indian men & women faced a lot of problems by British Government & Dutch people.


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Top 10 famous freedom fighter of india.

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In this day and age, and especially in this country, where the words "freedom" and "terrorism" have become inextricably linked, "Terrorist or Freedom Fighters, Reflections on the Liberation of Animals" is a sobering reminder of who it is that has never been free and never will be free as long as human ignorance and greed exists.


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Top 12 Greatest Freedom Fighters of Pakistan - Independence Day Special - 14th August 2018

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The Freedom Fighters of India were individuals who fought for freedom and actively participating in our national movement in India to get rid of all the colonies that came to India in the name of trade and for other purposes.


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In India, freedom struggle happened almost for a centuries.
After a united struggle of our freedom fighters only now we can enjoy our freedom living in India.
We should remember each one sacrifice their lives for our current free life.
Here is some of the major freedom fighters in India did a major contribute to our nation.
According to our readers wish we shifted Nethaji Subhash Chandra Bose into No 1 position.
Subhash Chandra Bose Date of Birth : Jan 23, 1897 Date of Death : Aug 18, 1945 Place of Birth : Orissa Subhash Chandra Bose January 23, 1897 — August 18, 1945also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born to an affluent family in Cuttack, Orissa.
His father, Janakinath Bose, was a public prosecutor who believed in orthodox nationalism, and later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.
His mother was Prabhavati Bose, a remarkable example of Indian womanhood.
Bose was educated at Cambridge University.
In 1920, Bose took the Indian Civil Service entrance examination and was placed second.
He joined the Indian National Congress, and was particularly active in its youth wing.
Subhas Chandra Bose felt that young militant groups could be molded into a military arm of the freedom movement and used to further the cause.
Gandhiji opposed this ideology because it directly conflicted with his policy of ahimsa non-violence.
The British Government in India perceived Subhas as a potential source of danger and had him arrested without any charge on October 25, 1924.
He was sent to Alipore Jail, Calcutta and in January 25, 1925 transferred to Mandalay, Burma.
He was released from Mandalay in May, 1927 due to his ill health.
Upon return to Calcutta, Subhas was elected President of the Bengal Congress Committee on October 27, 1927.
Subhas, being a man of ideals, believed in independence from the social evil of religious discord.
In January 1930 Subhas was arrested while leading a procession condemning imprisonment of revolutionaries.
He was offered bail on condition that he signs a bond best freedom fighters refrain from all political activities, which he refused.
On his release from jail, Subhas was sworn in as Mayor of the Calcutta Corporation.
In 1931 the split between Gandhiji and Subhas crystallized.
Although the two never saw eye to eye on their view of freedom and the movement itself, Subhas felt that Gandhiji had done a great disservice to the movement by agreeing to take part in the Second Round Table Conference.
Subhas was arrested again while returning from Bombay to Calcutta, and imprisoned in several jails outside West Bengal in fear of an uprising.
His health once again deteriorated and the medical facilities diagnosed him with tuberculosis.
It was recommended that he be sent to Switzerland for treatment.
Realizing that his avenues abroad were greater with the restrictions of the British, Subhas set sail for Europe on February 23, 1933.
Subhas met Mussolini in Italy and made Vienna his headquarters.
Subhas was opposed to the racial theory of Nazism but appreciated its organizational strength and discipline.
On March 27, 1936 he sailed for Bombay and but was escorted to jail immediately after disembarking.
After lying low for a year, he was able to work actively.
He attended the All India Congress Committee Session in Calcutta, the first one he attended after a lapse of nearly six years.
Time had healed the tensions between Subhas and Gandhiji, and Gandhiji supported Subhas in his efforts to become the President of the next Congress session, 1938.
It was a bold move since he was constantly under British surveillance.
Upon his return to India in February 1938, Subhas was elected President of the Indian National Congress.
He stressed the need to solve linguistic and religious prejudices and to achieve a high literacy rate amongst Indians.
The idea was criticized by Gandhiji and Nehru, which resulted in the strengthening of the Muslim League in Bengal and ultimately partition of India.
It is obvious today that had Subhas been able to carry out his plans, Bengal would be a different entity on the atlas.
Despite opposition from the Congress brass, Subhas was a favorite amongst the majority as he was re-elected for a second term in March 1939.
Subhas resigned and Dr.
Rajendra Prasad assumed the Presidency of the Congress.
In May 1939, Subhas formed the Forward Bloc within the Congress as an umbrella organization of the left forces within the Congress.
Gandhiji and his supporters accused Subhas of breach of Congress party discipline and drafted a resolution removing Subhas from the Congress Working Committee and restrained him from holding any office for three years.
On September 3, 1939 Subhas was informed that war had broken out between Britain and Germany.
Subhas discussed the idea of an underground struggle against the British with members of the Forward Bloc.
Subhas pressurized the Congress leaders to get a Declaration of War Aims from the Viceroy; he declined.
Subhas check this out elected President of the West Bengal Provincial Congress.
The Forward Bloc progressively became militant and by April 1940 most of its senior members were arrested.
He had made contact with radical Punjab and Pathan activists who had contacts in Afghanistan and Russia to organize a militia.
Subhas knew that Britain was in a vulnerable position following the surrender of France in June 1940.
He announced the launch of Siraj-ud-daula Day on July 3, in memory of the last king of Bengal who was defeated by Clive.
His plan was to hold a procession and to unify Hindu and Muslim nationalists.
The Government interceded and imprisoned Subhas on July 2, 1940 in Presidency Jail, Calcutta.
Netaji believed that foreign assistance was a must to free India from British rule.
In 1939, when the Second World War broke out, Subhas sought assistance from Germany, Italy, and Japan as they were enemies of Britain and thus would be natural allies.
In 1941, he evaded a house-arrest in Calcutta by disguising himself as a Maulavi and going to Kabul, Afghanistan.
Later, he procured an Italian passport and fled to Berlin, Germany.
There he met Hitler and discussed his plans and sought his assistance to free India.
He also sought assistance from Mussolini.
From time to time, he aired his speeches on the Azad Hind Radio from Berlin to communicate his intentions to fellow Indians and to prove that he was still alive.
After the defeat of Germany, Netaji realized that he could not continue his struggle from Germany anymore.
Ultimately, Netaji reached Japan in June, 1943.
He established the Indian National Army INA with some 30,000 Indian soldiers.
He also set up a radio network in South East Asia in order to appeal to the people, both in India and outside, for support.
The INA declared war against Britain and Reddit in best casino reno />However, the INA had to retreat from the Indo-Burmese border after a heavy defeat of the Japanese troops there.
The British defense was impenetrable.
On August 16, 1945 Netaji boarded a plane from Singapore to Bangkok.
The plane made a stopover in Taipei and crashed within minutes of take-off from Taipei.
To this day, many believe that Netaji escaped from the air crash and went into hiding.
Netaji wanted unconditional and complete freedom.
He dreamed of a classless society with no caste barriers, social inequalities or religious intolerance.
He believed in equal distribution of wealth and destruction of communalism.
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose A Rare Video Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Documentary full 2.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1869 Date of Death : Jan 30, 1948 Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born into a Hindu Modh family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India in 1869.
Growing up with a devout mother and surrounded by the Jain influences of Gujarat, Gandhi learned from an early age the tenets of non-injury to living beings, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance between members of various creeds and sects.
He was born into the vaishya, or business, caste.
They had four sons: Harilal Gandhi, born in 1888; Manilal Gandhi, born in 1892; Ramdas Gandhi, born in 1897; and Devdas Gandhi, born in 1900.
Gandhi was a mediocre student in his youth at Porbandar and later Rajkot.
He barely passed the matriculation exam for the University of Bombay in 1887, where he joined Samaldas College.
He was also unhappy at the college, because his family wanted him to become a barrister.
He was the pioneer and perfector of Satyagraha — the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience strongly founded upon ahimsa total non-violence — which led India to independence, and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Gandhi is commonly known and addressed in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi and as Bapu.
Though his elders objected, Gandhi could not be prevented from leaving; and it is said that his mother, a devout woman, made him promise that he would keep away from wine, click to see more, and meat during his stay abroad.
Gandhi left behind his son Harilal, then a few months old.
In London, Gandhi encountered theosophists, vegetarians, and others who were disenchanted not only with industrialism, but with the legacy of Enlightenment thought.
They themselves represented the fringe elements of English society.
Gandhi was powerfully attracted to them, as he was to the texts of the major religious traditions; and ironically it is in London that he was introduced to the Bhagavad Gita.
Here, too, Gandhi showed determination and single-minded pursuit of his purpose, and accomplished his objective of finishing his degree from the Inner Temple.
He was called to the bar in 1891, and even enrolled in the High Court of London; but later that year he left for India.
After one year of a none too successful law practice, Gandhi decided to accept an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa, Dada Abdulla, to join him as a legal adviser.
Unbeknown to him, this was to become an exceedingly lengthy stay, and altogether Gandhi was to stay in South Africa for over twenty years.
Gandhi himself came to an awareness of the frightening force and fury of European racism, and how far Indians were from being considered full human beings, when he thrown out of a first-class railway compartment car, though he held a first-class ticket, at Pietermaritzburg.
From this political awakening Gandhi was to emerge as the leader of the Indian community, and it is in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance.
Gandhi was to describe himself preeminently as a votary or seeker of satya truthwhich could not be attained other than through ahimsa non-violence, love and brahmacharya celibacy, striving towards God.
Gandhi conceived of his own life as a series of experiments to forge the use of satyagraha in such a manner as to make the oppressor and the oppressed alike recognize their common bonding and humanity: as he recognized, freedom is only freedom when it is indivisible.
Gandhi returned to India in early 1915, and was never to leave the country again except for a short trip that took him to Europe in 1931.
Though he was not completely unknown in India, Gandhi followed the advice of his political mentor, Gokhale, and took it upon himself to acquire a familiarity with Indian conditions.
He traveled widely for one year.
Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar, where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.
Over the next two years, Gandhi initiated the non-cooperation movement, which called upon Indians to withdraw from British institutions, to return honors conferred by the British, and to learn the art of self-reliance; though the British administration was at places paralyzed, the movement was suspended in February 1922 when a score of Indian policemen were brutally killed by a large crowd at Chauri Chaura, a small market town in the United Provinces.
Gandhi himself was arrested shortly thereafter, tried on charges of sedition, and sentenced to imprisonment for six years.
At The Great Trial, as it is known to his biographers, Gandhi delivered a masterful indictment of British rule.
Owing to his poor health, Gandhi was released from prison in 1925.
Over the following years, he worked hard to preserve Hindu-Muslim relations, and in 1924 he observed, from his prison cell, a 21-day fast when Hindu-Muslim riots broke out at Kohat, a military barracks on the Northwest Frontier.
Gandhi earned the hostility of Ambedkar, the leader of the untouchables, but few doubted that Gandhi was genuinely interested in removing the serious disabilities from which they suffered, just as no one doubt that Gandhi never accepted the argument that Hindus and Muslims constituted two separate elements in Indian society.
Gandhi had ideas — mostly sound — on every subject, from hygiene and nutrition to education and labor, and he relentlessly pursued his ideas in one of the many newspapers which he founded.
Indeed, were Gandhi known for nothing else in India, he would still be remembered as one of the principal figures in the history of Indian journalism.
In early 1930, as the nationalist movement was revived, the Indian National Congress, the preeminent body of nationalist opinion, declared that it would now be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence purna swaraj.
Once the clarion call had been issued, it was perforce necessary to launch a movement of resistance against British rule.
Predictably, his letter was received with bewildered amusement, and accordingly Gandhi set off, on the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers towards Dandi on the sea.
They arrived there on April congratulate, osrs best glove slot item apologise Gandhi picked up a small lump of natural salt, and so gave the signal to hundreds of thousands of people to similarly defy the law, since the British exercised a monopoly on the production and sale of salt.
This was the beginning of the civil disobedience movement: Gandhi himself was arrested, and thousands of others were also hauled into jail.
It is to break this deadlock that Irwin agreed to hold talks with Gandhi, and subsequently the British agreed to hold a Round Table Conference in London to negotiate the possible terms of Indian independence.
Gandhi went to London in 1931 and met some of his admirers in Europe, but the negotiations proved inconclusive.
On his return to India, he was once again arrested.
For the next few years, Gandhi would be engaged mainly in the constructive reform of Indian society.
He had vowed upon undertaking the salt march that he would not return to Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, where he had made his home, if India did not attain its independence, and in the mid-1930s he established himself in a remote village, in the dead center of India, by the name of Segaon known as Sevagram.
Gandhi also continued to travel throughout the country, taking him wherever his services were required.
At the outset of World War II, Gandhi and the Congress leadership assumed a position of neutrality: while clearly critical of fascism, they could not find it in themselves to support British imperialism.
Bose tendered his resignation, and shortly thereafter was to make a dramatic escape from India to find support among the Japanese and the Nazis for his plans to liberate India.
In 1942, Gandhi issued the last call for independence from British rule.
On the grounds of what is now known as August Kranti Maidan, he delivered a stirring speech, asking every Indian to lay down their life, if necessary, in the cause of freedom.
The response of the British government was to place Gandhi under arrest, and virtually the entire Congress leadership was to find itself behind bars, not to be released until after the conclusion of the war.
In the period from 1942 to 1945, the Muslim League, which represented the interest of certain Muslims and by now advocated the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims, increasingly gained the attention of the British, and supported them in their war effort.
Sensing that the political leaders were now craving for power, Gandhi largely distanced himself from the negotiations.
He declared his opposition to the vivisection of India.
It is generally conceded, even by his detractors, that the last years of his life were in some respects his finest.
Hindu and Sikh refugees had streamed into the capital from what had become Pakistan, and there was much resentment, which easily translated into violence, against Muslims.
It was partly in an attempt to put an end to the killings in Delhi, and more generally to the bloodshed following the partition, which may have taken the lives of as many as 1 million people, besides causing the dislocation of no fewer than 11 million, that Gandhi was to commence the last fast unto death of his life.
A few days later, a bomb exploded in Birla House where Gandhi was holding his evening prayers, but it caused no injuries.
However, his assassin, a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin by the name of Nathuram Godse, was not so easily deterred.
Gandhi, quite characteristically, refused additional security, and no one could defy his wish to be allowed to move around unhindered.
As he was about to mount the steps of the podium, Gandhi folded his hands and greeted his audience with a namaskar; at that moment, a young man came up to him and roughly pushed aside Manu.
Nathuram Godse bent down in the gesture of an obeisance, took a revolver out of his pocket, and shot Gandhi three times in his chest.
As Gandhi fell, his faithful time-piece struck the ground, and the hands of the watch came to a standstill.
They showed, as they had done before, the precise time: 5:12 P.
Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru Date of Birth : Nov 14, 1889 Date of Death : May 27, 1964 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Political party : Indian National Congress Took Office : Aug 15, 1947 Left Office : May 27, 1964 Successor : Lal Bahadur Shastri Jawaharlal Nehru also called Pandit Nehru, was an important leader of the Indian Independence Movement and the Indian National Congress, and became the first Prime Minister of India when India won its independence on August 15, 1947.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, to Swaroop Rani, the wife of Motilal Nehru, a wealthy Allahabad based barrister and political leader himself.
The Nehru family is of Kashmiri lineage and of the Saraswat Brahmin caste.
Educated in the finest Indian schools of the time, Nehru returned from education in England at Harrow, Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple to practice law before following his father into politics.
At the time of his wedding on 8 February 1916, Jawaharlal was twenty-six, a British-educated barrister.
Kamala came from a well-known business family of Kashmiris in Delhi.
His father Motilal Nehru was already a prominent figure in the Indian National Congress and had served as its president.
He began to draw closer to the rising leadership of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a former barrister who had won battles for equality and political rights for Indians in South Africa, and had emerged a national hero with the successful struggles in Champaran, Bihar and Kheda in Gujarat.
Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru abandoned western clothes and tastes for expensive possessions and pastimes, and adopted Hindi, or Hindustani as their common language of use.
Young Jawaharlal now wore a khadi kurta and a Gandhi cap, all white — the new uniform of the Indian nationalist.
Nehru was first arrested by the British during the Non-Cooperation Movement 1920-1922but released after a few months.
After Gandhi suspended civil resistance in 1922 as a result of the killing of policemen in Chauri Chaura, thousands of Congressmen were disillusioned.
When Gandhi opposed participation in the newly created legislative councils, many followed leaders like Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru to form the Swaraj Party, which advocated entry but only to sabotage government from within, as a tool to extracting concessions from the British to ensure stability.
But Nehru did not join his father and stayed with Gandhi and the Congress.
From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee, an important step in his rise to Congress national leadership.
With the Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, led by the rising nationalist leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Congress was back in the business of revolution.
Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose backed a call for full political independence, while Motilal Nehru and others wanted dominion status within the British Empire.
To resolve the point, Gandhi said that the British would be given two years to grant India dominion status.
If they did not, the Congress would launch a national struggle for full, political independence.
Nehru and Bose reduced the time of opportunity to one year.
The British did not respond.
When the Congress convened its session in 1929, Gandhi backed the young Jawaharlal for the Congress presidency.
Nehru was arrested in 1930, and during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 for a number of years.
The revolt was an astounding national success.
Millions of Indians had participated, and the British were ultimately forced to acknowledge that there was a need for major political reform.
When the British promulgated the Government of India Act 1935, the Congress Party decided to contest elections.
Nehru stayed out of the elections, but campaigned vigorously nationwide for the party.
The Congress formed governments in almost every province, and won the largest number of seats in the Central Assembly, which the Congress had denounced as powerless.
Nehru was elected again to the Congress Presidency in 1936, and again in 1937.
But the effort was strongly criticized by major Congress leaders, including Gandhi and Sardar Patel, though for different reasons.
However, Nehru had grown politically closer to Congress socialists like Jaya Prakash Narayan, Narendra Dev and the liberal-socialist Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
It is a very readable and honest account that contains many anecdotes and insights in the political and social circumstances of pre-war India.
When World War II broke out, Nehru and the Congress condemned the unilateral decision made by the British viceroy to enter India, but were divided as to what to do about it.
This was opposed by Gandhi, but marked the first occasion when Nehru, and indeed a majority of Congress leaders went against his advice.
Several British politicians and British officials backed the offer, considering Indian support valuable, but the bid failed when the British ruled out any political reform.
The Congress Party ordered all of its elected members in the Central and provincial assemblies to resign, and another national struggle seemed inevitable.
Although many other Indian political parties opposed the call, Gandhi and Sardar Patel convinced Nehru and Azad, and the entire Indian National Congress to a final showdown with the British Empire.
The Quit India Movement was launched on August 13, 1942.
The Congress made an open call for complete independence immediately.
Only an independent India would decide whether India would participate in the war.
The Congress asked all Indians to boycott British goods, the institutions and factories run by the British, public services and government programs.
Major strikes, protests and demonstrations broke out all over India, and although other political parties did not participate, it proved to be the most forceful revolt in the history of British rule.
Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were immediately arrested.
The Committee was imprisoned in a fort-turned-prison in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, separate from Gandhi, who was imprisoned in Pune.
The British had made arrangements to deport the leaders if necessary, but felt that then any chance of regaining order would be lost due to public outrage.
Outside, hundreds of thousands of Indian freedom fighters were imprisoned, and thousands were killed in police firings.
Upon the end of the war, Nehru and the Congress leadership were released.
Imprisoned for a total of over 13 years, he was President of the Congress in 1929, 1936, 1937 and 1947.
He became the Vice President of the Interim Government on September 2, 1946 and later the Prime Minister of Independent India on August 15, 1947.
For children, he was Chacha uncle Nehru.
In 1946, Nehru had moved into the former residence of the British Commander in Chief of the Indian Army on York Road, in Delhi.
Over the years she became his virtual chief of staff — managing his schedule and appointments, instructing the staff of the residence and often accompanying him on foreign trips and in meetings with world leaders.
His daughter Indira Gandhi would become Prime Minister within two years of his death in 1966, and would serve for 15 years and 3 terms.
His grandson Rajiv Gandhi would hold that office from 1984 to 1989.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru Very RARE Film 4.
Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh Date of Birth : Sep 27, 1907 Date of Death : Mar 23, 1931 Place of Birth : Jalandhar Bhagat Singh September 27, 1907 — March 23, 1931 was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle.
Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family to Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in the Khatkar Kalan village near Banga in the Jalandhar district of Punjab.
His uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, as well as his father, were great freedom fighters, so Bhagat Singh grew up in a patriotic atmosphere.
He also established the secret organization, the Bharat Mata Society.
At an early age, Bhagat Singh started dreaming of uprooting the British empire.
The Ghadar Movement left a deep imprint on his mind.
Kartar Sing Sarabha, hanged at the age of 19, became his hero.
He studied in the D.
At the age of 16, he used to wonder why so many Indians could not drive away these fistful of invaders.
In search of revolutionary groups and ideas, he met Sukhdev and Rajguru.
Bhagat Singh, along with the help of Chandrashekhar Azad, formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army HSRA.
To avenge his death, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru killed Mr.
Saunders one of the deputy officers in connection with the Simon Commission.
However, things changed, and the Britishers arrested Bhagat Singh and his friends on April 8, 1929.
He and his friends wanted to be shot dead, since they were termed as prisoners of war.
Their request was not fulfilled, and on March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged to death.
He did his best and when he was being led to the gallows, he was satisfied that he had lived up to his principles, irrespective of the consequences.
Rajendra Prasad Date of Birth : Dec 3, 1884 Date of Death : Feb 28, 1963 Place of Birth : Zeradei, Bihar Tenure Order : 1st President Took Office : Jan 26, 1950 Left Office : May 13, 1962 Successor : Dr.
Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.
Rajendra Prasad was a great freedom-fighter, and the architect of the Indian Constitution, having served as President of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution of the Republic best freedom fighters 1948 to 1950.
He had also served as a Cabinet Minister briefly in the first Government of Independent India.
He was a crucial leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Prasad was born in Jiradei, in the Siwan district of Bihar.
His father, Mahadev Sahay, was a Persian and Sanskrit language scholar; his mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady who would tell stories from the Ramayana to her son.
At the age of 5, the young Rajendra Prasad was sent to a Maulavi for learning Persian.
After that he was sent to Chapra Zilla School for further primary studies.
He was married at the age of 12 to Rajvanshi Devi.
He then went on to study at R.
Soon afterward, however, he rejoined the Chapra Zilla School, and it was from there that he passed the entrance examination of Calcutta University, at the age of 18.
He stood first in the first division of that examination.
He then joined the Presidency College, Calcutta.
He was initially a student of science and his teachers included J.
Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy.
Later he decided to switch his focus to the arts.
A plaque still commemorates his stay in that room.
He had been initiated into the Swadeshi movement by his brother.
He then joined the Dawn Society run by Satish Chandra Mukherjee, and Sister Nivedita.
In 1911, he joined the A.
However, his family estate was in bad condition.
He was looked upon as the provider.
But he sought permission from his brother in a letter to join the Indian freedom movement.
The shock of his brother, however, held him to the family.
In 1916, Rajendra Prasad joined the High Court of Bihar, and Orissa.
Such was his intellect and his integrity, that often when his adversary failed to cite a precedent, the judges asked Rajendra Prasad to cite a precedent against himself.
After meeting Mahatma Gandhi, he quit as a Senator of the University, much to the regret of the British Vice-Chancellor.
He also responded to the call by the Mahatma to boycott Western education by asking his son Mrityunjaya Prasad, a brilliant student to drop out of the University and enroll himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, an institution he had along with his colleagues founded on the traditional Indian model.
He wrote articles for Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers.
He toured a lot, explaining, lecturing and exhorting.
When the earthquake of Bihar occurred on January 15, 1934, Rajendra Prasad was in jail.
He was released two days later.
He set himself for the task of raising funds.
The Viceroy had also raised a fund.
The way relief was organized left nothing to be desired.
Nationalist India expressed its admiration by electing him to the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress.
After India became independent he was elected the President of India.
As President, he used his moderating influence so silently and unobtrusively that he neither reigned nor ruled.
His sister Bhagwati Devi died on the night of 25 January 1960.
She doted on her dearly-loved younger brother.
It must have taken Rajendra Prasad all his will power to have taken the Republic Day salute as usual, on the following day.
It was only on return from the parade that he set continue reading the task of cremation.
In 1962, after 12 years as President, he announced his decision to retire.
Within months of his retirement, early in September 1962, his wife Rajvanshi Devi passed away.
Because of the enormous public adulation he enjoyed, he was referred to as Desh Ratna or the Jewel of the country.
His legacy is being ably carried forward by his great grandson Ashoka Jahnavi-Prasad, a psychiatrist and a scientist of international repute who introduced sodium valproate as a safer alternative to lithium salts in the treatment of bipolar disorders.
Dr Rajendra Prasad,Our First President,Story, Arvind 6.
Lal Bahadur Shastri Lal Bahadur Shastri Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1904 Date of Death : Jan 11, 1966 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India and a significant figure in the struggle for independence.
Shashtriji was born in Mughalsarai, in Uttar Pradesh.
To take part in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi in 1921, he began studying at the nationalist, Kashi Vidyapeeth in Kashi, and upon completion, he was given the title Shastri, or Scholar, Doctor at Kashi Vidyapeeth opinion best western union deposit pa suggest 1926.
He spent almost nine years in jail in total, mostly after the start of the Satyagraha movement in 1940, he was imprisoned until read more />In 1951, he was appointed General Secretary of the Lok Sabha before re-gaining a ministerial post as Railways Minister.
He resigned as Minister following a rail disaster near Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu.
He returned to the Cabinet following the General Elections, first as Minister for Transport, in 1961, he became Home Minister.
Shastri worked by his natural characteristics to obtain compromises between opposing viewpoints, but in his short tenure was ineffectual in dealing with the economic crisis and food shortage in the nation.
However, he commanded a great deal of respect in the Indian populace, and he used it to advantage in pushing the Green Revolution in India; which directly led to India becoming a food-surplus nation, although he did not live to see it.
His administration began on a rocky turf.
In 1965 Pakistan attacked India on the Kashmiri front and Lal Bahadur Shastri responded in kind by punching toward Lahore.
In 1966 a cease-fire was issued as a result of international pressure.
Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent to hold talks with Ayub Khan and an agreement was soon signed.
Lal Bahadur passed away in Tashkent before returning home.
All his lifetime, he was known for his honesty and humility.
Lal Bahadur Shastri — Meeting read article Tashkent 1966 7.
Chandrashekhar Azad Chandrashekhar Azad Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1906 Date of Death : Feb 27, 1931 Place of Birth : India Chandrasekhar Azad was a great Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary thinker.
Revered for his audacious deeds and fierce patriotism, he was the mentor of Bhagat Singh, the famous Indian martyr.
Chandrasekhar Azad is considered one of the greatest Indian freedom fighter along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Ram Prasad Bismil, and Ashfaqulla Khan.
He received his early schooling in Bhavra District Jhabua Madhya Pradesh.
For higher studies he went to the Sanskrit Pathashala at Varanasi.
Young Azad was one of the young generation of Indians when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement.
But many were disillusioned with the suspension of the struggle in 1922 owing to the Chauri Chaura best freedom fighters of 22 policemen.
Although Gandhi was appalled by the click violence, Azad did not feel that violence was unacceptable in the struggle, especially in view of the Amritsar Massacre of 1919, where Army units killed hundreds of unarmed civilians and wounded thousands in Amritsar.
Young Azad and contemporaries like Bhagat Singh were deeply and emotionally influenced by that tragedy.
Azad and others had committed themselves to absolute independence by any means.
He was most famous for The Kakori Rail Dacoity in 1925 and the assassination of the assistant superintendent of Police John Poyantz Saunders in 1928.
Azad and his compatriots would target British officials known for their oppressive actions against ordinary people, or for beating and torturing arrested freedom fighters.
Azad was also a believer in socialism as the basis for a future India, free of social and economic oppression and adversity.
Bhagat Singh joined Azad following the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, an Indian leader who was beaten to death by police officials.
Azad trained Singh and others in covert activities, and the latter grew close to him after witnessing his resolve, patriotism and courage.
Betrayed by an informer on 27 February 1931 Azad was encircled by British troops in the Alfred park, Allahabad.
He kept on fighting till the last bullet.
Azad is a hero to many Indians today.
Alfred Park was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad park, as have been scores of schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions across India.
Chandra Shekhar Azad Freedom Fighter 8.
His actual date of birth was never officially recorded — Patel entered October 31st as his date of birth on his matriculation examination papers.
He was the fourth son of Jhaverbhai and Ladba Patel, and lived in the village of Karamsad, in the Kheda district.
Somabhai, Narsibhai and Vithalbhai Patel also a future political leader were his elder brothers.
He had a younger brother, Kashibhai, and a sister, Dahiba.
Patel helped his father in the fields, and bimonthly kept a day-long fast, abstaining from food and water — a cultural observance that enabled him to develop physical tougheness.
Patel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad, living self-sufficiently with other boys.
He took his matriculation at the late age of 22; at this point, he was generally regarded by his elder relatives as an unambitious man destined for a commonplace job.
He would then click to see more aside funds, travel to England, then train to become a barrister.
During the many years it took him to save money, Vallabhbhai — now a pleader — earned a reputation as a fierce and skilled lawyer.
He had also cultivated a stoic character — he lanced a painful boil without hesitation, even as the barber supposed to do it trembled.
Patel spent years away from his family, pursuing his goals assiduously.
His wife bore him a daughter, Manibehn, in 1904, and later a son, Dahyabhai, in 1906.
Patel also cared for a personal friend suffering from Bubonic plague when it swept the state.
After Patel himself came down with the disease, he immediately sent away his family to safety, left his home, and moved into an isolated house in Nadiad by other accounts, Patel spent this time in a dilapidated temple ; there, he recovered slowly.
Patel took on the financial burdens of his homestead in Karamsad even while saving for England and supporting a young family.
He made way for his brother Vithalbhai Patel to travel to England in place of him, on his own saved money and opportunity.
Her health suddenly worsened, and despite successful emergency surgery, she died.
As per others who witnessed, Patel read the note, pocketed it and continued to intensely cross-examine the witness, and won the case.
He broke the news to others only after the proceedings had ended.
Patel himself decided against marrying again.
He raised his children with the help of his family, and sent them to English-medium schools in Mumbai then Bombay.
At the age of 36, he journeyed to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple Inn in London.
Finishing a 36-month course in 30 months, Patel topped his class despite having no previous college background.
Wearing European-style clothes and urbane mannerisms, he also became a skilled best freedom fighters player at the Gujarat Club.
His close friends would include his neighbours Dr.
Balwantray and Nandubehn Kanuga, who would remain dear to him, and a young lawyer, Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar.
He had also made a pact with his brother Vithalbhai to support his entry into politics in Bombay, while Patel himself would remain in Ahmedabad and provide for the family.
Vallabhbhai Patel was a major political and social leader of India and its struggle for independence, and is credited for achieving the political integration of independent India.
In India and across the world, he is known as Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, where Sardar stands for Chief in many languages of India.
Patel organized the peasants of Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj — becoming one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat.
He rose to the leadership of the Indian National Congress and at the forefront of rebellions and political events — organizing the party for elections in 1934 and 1937, and leading Indians into the Quit India movement.
He was imprisoned by the British government on numerous occasions, especially from 1931 to 1934, and from 1942 to 1945.
Becoming the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organized relief and rehabilitation efforts in the riot-struck Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore security.
Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from a plethora of semi-independent princely states, colonial provinces and possessions.
Patel employed an iron fist in a velvet glove diplomacy — frank political negotiations backed with best slot machines at choctaw option and the use of military action to weld a nation that could emancipate its people without the prospect of divisions or civil conflict.
His leadership obtained the peaceful and swift integration of all 565 princely states into the Republic of India.
His admirers call him the Iron Man of India.
The plane had made an emergency landing in the desert of Rajasthan upon an engine failure, and Patel and all passengers were safe, and traced by nearby villagers.
When Patel returned to Delhi, members of Parliament and thousands of Congressmen gave him a raucous welcome.
In Parliament, MPs gave a thunderous ovation to Patel — stopping proceedings for half an hour.
Till his last few days, he was constantly at work in Delhi.
After suffering a massive heart attack — his second — he died in Bombay on December 15th, 1950.
His cremation in Sonapur, Bombay, was attended by large crowds, Nehru, Rajagopalachari, President Prasad and many Congressmen and freedom fighters.
Documentary: Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 9.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1856 Date of Death : 1920 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Bal Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Tilak sparked the fire for complete independence in Indian consciousness, and is considered the father of Hindu nationalism as well.
Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!
This famous quote of his is very popular and well-remembered in India even today.
He was born on July 23, 1856, in a village near Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, into a middle class Chitpavan Brahmin family.
Tilak was an avid student with a special aptitude for mathematics.
After graduation, Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune and later became a journalist.
Tilak founded the Marathi daily Kesari The Lion which fast became a popular reading for the common people of India.
Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in the 1890s, but soon fell into opposition of its liberal-moderate attitude towards the fight for self-government.
Tilak opposed the moderate views of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and was supported by fellow Indian nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal in Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab.
When arrested on charges of sedition in 1906, Tilak asked a young Mohammad Ali Jinnah to represent him.
But the British judge convicted him and he was imprisoned from 1908 to 1914 in Mandalay, Burma.
Upon his release, Tilak re-united with his fellow nationalists and re-united the Indian National Congress in 1916.
He also helped found the All India Home Rule League in 1916-18 with Annie Besant and Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
Tilak proposed various social reforms, best freedom fighters as a minimum age for marriage, and was especially keen to see a prohibition placed on the sale of alcohol.
His thoughts on education and Indian political life have remained highly influential — he was the first Congress leader to suggest that Hindi, written in the devanagari script, should be accepted as the sole national language of India, a policy that was later strongly endorsed by Mahatma Gandhi.
However, English, which Tilak wished to remove completely from the Indian mind, remains an important means of communication in India.
His call for boycott of foreign goods also served to inspire patriotism among Indian masses.
Although once considered an extremist revolutionary, in his later years Tilak had considerably mellowed.
He favored political dialogue and discussions as a more effective way to obtain political freedom for India, and did not support leaving the British Empire.
However, Tilak is considered in many ways to have created the nationalist movement in India, by expanding the struggle for political freedoms and self-government to the common people of India.
Tilak was considered the political and spiritual leader of India by many, and Gandhi is considered his successor.
When Tilak died in 1920, Gandhi paid his respects at his cremation in Bombay, along with 200,000 people.
Tilak is also today considered the father of Hindu Nationalism.
He best freedom fighters the idol of Indian revolutionary Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, who penned the political doctrine of Hindutva.
Rare Voice Of Lokmanya Tilak.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Gopal Krishna Gokhale Date of Birth : May 9, 1866 Date of Death : 1915 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born on May best freedom fighters, 1866, in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, and he became one of the most learned men in India, a leader of social and political reformists and one of the earliest, founding leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.
Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and the Servants of India Society.
Gokhale was a great, early Indian champion for public education.
Being one of the first generations of Indians to receive college education, Gokhale was respected widely in the nascent Indian intellecutal community and acoss India, whose people looked up to him as the least elitist of educated Indians.
Coming from a background of poverty, Gokhale was a real man of the people, a hero to young Indians discovering the new age and the prospects of the coming 20th century; he worked amongst common Indians to encourage education, sanitation and public development.
He actively spoke against ignorance, casteism and untouchability in Indian society.
Gokhale was also reputed for working for trust and friendship between Hindu and Muslim communities.
It should be remembered that Gokhale was a pioneer in this work, never done before in Indian history by Indians.
Along with distinguished colleagues like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dadabhai Naoroji, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai and Annie Besant, Gokhale fought for decades to obtain greater political representation and power over public affairs for common Indians.
He was moderate in his views and attitudes, and sought to petition the British authorities, cultivate a process of dialogue and discussion which would yield greater British respect for Indian rights.
Tilak advocated civil agitation and direct revolution to overthrow the British Empire, and the Congress Party split into two wings.
The two sides would patch up in 1916.
Gokhale did not support explicit Indian independence, for such an idea was not even understood or expressed until after the World War I.
Gokhale was famously a mentor to a young barrister who had been blooded in the work of revolution in South Africa a few years earlier.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi received great warmth and hospitality from Gokhale, including personal guidance, knowledge and understanding of India, the issues of common Indians and Indian politics.
By 1920, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi would become known as Mahatma Gandhi, and ad the leader of nationalist Indians and the largest non-violent revolution in the history of the world.
However, Gokhale himself died in 1915.
Anyhow Mr Shivansh tiwari, you have atleast taught to add the name of women in this list.
Hi Raju, I completely agree with you, do not expect that somebody should come and save the country, it is only the collective will and efforts of common citizens like you and me who should take up these issues and try to find a solution for the problems we are facing today.
I agree to u bro my name is akash kaman really people are wasting their time many other unnessosary things 1 vasudev balavant fadke 2 lokmanya bal gagadhar tilak 3 mahatma fule 4 netaji shubhashchandra bose 5 swatyantrya veer savarkar 6 lal bahadur shashtri 7 bhagat singh theese r the real freedom fighter but gandhi is not a fighter because he was a only simple indian….
Freedom fight can be different ways.
Path Gandhiji chose was travel all over India and tried to explain the problems that India was facing during that period.
Path chosen by Bhagat, Chandrasekhar etc was militant action.
Path chosen by Subhash Chandra Bose was by creating Azad Hind Fouz Military Action.
Everybody had their own paths and did work for freedom.
We are not the people to decide whether they were good leaders or bad leaders.
U ARE WRONG WITHOUT GANDHI THIS FREEDOM AND WAR I WILL NOT TO END.
EACH AND EVERY PERSONS ARE IMPORTANT FOR THIS WAR AND FREEDOM Hello Mr, I really do not why have you given ranking like this?
Subhas chandra bose sacrifice his high posting Indian Civil Service ,Congress president and also post independence prime minister.
He is the real hero.
Great leader with unbeleivable courage.
Highly opinion best in slot pc apologise and medernised thinking.
Even our great narayan murthy of Infosys has agreed upon this.
My Ranking 1 Nethaji Subhas chadra Bose 2 Gandiji 3 Bagat Singh 4 Sardar Vallabhai Patel 5 Shastri 6 Bala Gangadhar Tilak 7 Chandra Shekar Azad I really agree with you Vinay.
He put his life in danger for many times.
Even in those years he travelled to Berlin,Russia,Japan by Submarine.
Those days it used to take 3 months.
Why all this was required for him.
Having got married to Austrian and being a highly qualified and rank student in ICS.
He coined Jai Hind.
His music portrayed in International conference was later become of our National Anthem music.
Only Indian who dared Britishes.
Even the trials of his INA in 1946 made our British indian army Indians to realize about their duties.
This helped us to achieve Independence.
It was accepted by then British prime minister Atlee.
He is all times great.
He was not given the due respect that he was deserved.
Hello Sachin, I really agree that Nethaji is number 1 in the list because of the following reason: THE Indian struggle for Independence saw many heroes emerge.
Some took the path of non-violence like Gandhiji, some chose the political arena like Nehru, some fought battles like Rani Lakshmibai, somebecame spiritual seekers like Sri Aurobindo and some took to literature like Subramaniya Bharati.
But if there was one person who managed to leave his mark at all avenues of the freedom struggle, it was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
The generals of the Indian National Army were brought by the British colonial power in court, they read article 3 INA majors in 1946.
This was the major mistake British has done.
Because of this, there was a nationwide protest.
In addition to mass demonstrations there was a mutiny in the Royal Navy.
First Indian nationalism on Indian soldiers had jumped previously regarded as brave and loyal.
The British therefore issued a general amnesty for the armed forces personnel.
Many historians belevied that this was the main reason for Indias Independence though there were several other reasons.
But the ranking given here is based on the activities to serve for our freedom.
Hello Vinay and Sachin, I really agree with you.
Both Gandhiji and Subhas chandra Bose were followed by masses.
Nethaji is considerd to be greatest leader ever world has produced for Japanese.
He is the true leader,an visionary.
He made the concept of Army, otherwise our country would have been like Africa.
He is selfless great legend for which he has special person of millions of Indians.
HI hello u know the hand behind Nethajis vision is swatyantrya veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, once Nethajis and saverkar were on same Dias, it was a time of secound world war.
I read a lot of Freedom books and found this facts that during the first election in Congress for PMSardar Patel had most votes.
Nehru threatened Gandhi for making him PM or else he will break Congress and leak inner secrets to British.
BHARAT MATHA KI JAI.
IAM PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN.
I LOVE MY COUNTRY.
I FEEL GREAT THAT I WAS BORN IN INDIA.
I SALUTE MY NATION WITH PROUD.
South indians starts freedom fight against ….
I am very upset…….
All boys are not always fond of falling in love with girls and moreover girls are not fond of impressing boys.
I love the details gn in this blog.
Bharatha Matha ki jai…!
SWETHA I agree all are freedom fighters only but this type ranking i wont accept and camparison is not good This is Lord Macale Education, We can ranked our Freedom Fighter.
Just we put a list of freedom fighters.
And he is the best freedom fighter India.
I love India and I also like the freedom fighter mother teresa Panini Prajna,Sambalpur,ODISHA—Our indian fighter r bravy and very strong.
They devote his life for our nation.
But now a days Maximum Politician r devote for himself……thats not good.
YOU IDIOT BHUSHANMH9, GHANDHIJI WAS THE BIGGEST FIGHTER OF THEM ALL!!!!
FOR HE WAS THE FIRST TO WIN A WAR WITH PEACE AND THAT Go here HOW A TRUE FIGHTER SHOULD BE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Certainly as every says even i feel proud to be called as Indian.
Well i wont say that all our fighters are past but we at least being Indians at present as youngsters lets still fight for our country.
Hope everyone agrees that still our country is not free from corruption.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Nehru was ner a politician……he was a crooked power broker working for himself only.
He fought the British only when he saw their women around.
This fool created Kashmir by fingering the pimp called Hari Singh.
NEHRU WAS A POWER DALAL!!!
Top 5 Freedom Fighters — 1 Bhagat Singh 2 Chandrashekhar Azad 3 Sardar Patel 4 Rajendra Prasad 5 Lal Bahadur Shastri Pandit Nehru is not a Freedom Fighter because he was the one who started politics.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Somebody comment on this one!!!
Nice comments, relating to subject.
THE FIRST BORN REVOLUTIONIST.
AND IN VICTORY OF FREEDOM…IT WAS BOSE….
AT FIRST Amar kumar guys you all are wrong ,the first freedom fighter was Matadin bhangi{valmiki} and the second one mangal pandey in 1847….
Can you say that we can rank Indians because of their love for India?
NO, we all love India equally and do our best in our own way to make it a better place.
If all Indians think like this about ranking, India will never get anywhere in the world!
I respect all the Freedom Fighters.
There should not be a comparison between the Freedom Fighters like Top Fighters or Bottom Fighters.
Jwahar Lal Nehru should not be at 3rd actually he should not be in the list!!!!
Jawaharlal Nehru was not a freedom fighter……he was a pilitical agent before independece, power broker, who created the cancer called Kashmir.
To know Netaji, read his facts on Wekipedia and any other bolgs of credibility!!!
The list gives prizes to some very average freedom fighters but forgets top contributors: a Veer Savarkar for his daring escape from the British steamer at Marseilles b Kumar Singh, King of Jagdishpur: Was driven out of his kingdom Jagdishpur in 1857 by the British when he was 80 years old and ailing only to come source from the jungles trained with a guerilla army to drive out the British and reclaim his territory c Vasudeo Balwant Phadke: First armed revolutionary of India d Mangal Pandey: Pioneer of the revolt of 1857 e Madanlal Dhingra: Ran revolutionary group Abhinav Bharat with Savarkar in London and shot Curzon Wylie f Chapekar Brothers: Shot at British Commisioner Mr.
Rand and were sentenced to death g Azimullah Khan: Sided with Nana Saheb Peshwa, Tatya Tope and Bahadurshah Zafar to capture Peshawar to Cooch Behar from the British.
He in turn replied that he will cut of the hands of whosoever attempts to wage jihad on the Hindus.
THEY ALL SACRIFICED, BUT NOW OUR POLITICIANS ARE MAKING FIGHT AMONG OURSELVES.
CAN YOU SEE IT?
WHAT IS THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THESE POLITICIANS WHO DID NOT CONTRIBUTED ANYTHING TO THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE?
THOSE WHO TALK NOW WERE ALSO BORN.
NO ASK OR LIST OPENLY HOW MAJORITY OF THE FAMILY OF FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE STILL HUNGRY, UNEMPLOYED, WITHOUT SHELTERS.
AT LEAST CARING THEM WILL INSPIRE AND KEEP THE STRUGGLE ON OF FREEDOM IN FUTURE.
HOPE OUR CARING GOVERNMENT WILL TAKE A SPEEDY DECISION AS MANY FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE NO MORE AND LET THEM SEE THEIR FAMILY HONERS.
Mera que sabhi logo se hai Kya desh ko Azad karane me totally HINDU hi they ya MUSLIM ya SIKH bhi they?

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Top 10 Freedom Fighters in India is a article to describe top most personalities of our Indian freedom struggle. In India, freedom struggle happened almost for a centuries. Our Indian men & women faced a lot of problems by British Government & Dutch people.


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Top 10 Freedom Fighters in India
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There are a huge number of people who fought for freedom. Usually we think only Gandhi, Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose and some other person fought for freedom. But there are some unknown freedom fighters who disappeared in the page of history. Here I have revealed the top 10 unknown freedom fighters who disappeared in the page of history. 1.


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Need a hero? Meet local nonprofit Human Rights Initiative of North Texas, which fights for the rights of asylum seekers and immigrants in an atmosphere that's made their plight difficult, at best.


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5 Popular Freedom Fighters Behind India's Independence - ALLRefer
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In India, freedom struggle happened almost for a centuries.
After a united struggle of our freedom fighters only now we can enjoy our freedom living in India.
We should remember each one sacrifice their lives for our current free life.
Here is some of the major freedom fighters in India did a major contribute to our nation.
According to our readers wish we shifted Nethaji Subhash Chandra Bose into No 1 position.
Subhash Chandra Bose Date of Birth : Jan 23, 1897 Date of Death : Aug 18, 1945 Place of Birth : Orissa Subhash Chandra Bose January 23, 1897 — August 18, 1945also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born to an affluent family in Cuttack, Orissa.
His father, Janakinath Bose, was a public prosecutor who believed in orthodox nationalism, and later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.
His mother was Prabhavati Bose, a remarkable example of Indian womanhood.
Bose was educated at Cambridge University.
In 1920, Bose took the Indian Civil Service entrance examination and was placed second.
He joined the Indian National Congress, and was particularly active in its youth wing.
Subhas Chandra Bose felt that young militant groups could be molded into a military arm of the freedom movement and used to further the cause.
Gandhiji opposed this ideology because it directly conflicted with his policy of ahimsa non-violence.
The British Government in India perceived Subhas as a potential source of danger and had him arrested without any charge on October 25, 1924.
He was sent to Alipore Jail, Calcutta and in January 25, 1925 transferred to Mandalay, Burma.
He was released from Mandalay in May, 1927 due to his ill health.
Upon return to Calcutta, Subhas was elected President of the Bengal Congress Committee on October 27, 1927.
Subhas, being a man of ideals, believed in independence from the social evil of religious discord.
In January 1930 Subhas was arrested while leading a procession condemning imprisonment of revolutionaries.
He was offered bail on condition that he signs a bond to refrain from all political activities, which visit web page refused.
On his release from jail, Subhas was sworn in as Mayor of the Calcutta Corporation.
In 1931 the split between Gandhiji and Subhas crystallized.
Although the two never saw eye to eye on their view of freedom and the movement itself, Subhas felt that Gandhiji had done a great disservice to the movement by agreeing to take part in the Second Round Table Conference.
Subhas was arrested again while returning from Bombay to Calcutta, and imprisoned in several jails outside West Bengal in fear of an uprising.
His health once again deteriorated and the medical facilities diagnosed him with tuberculosis.
It was recommended that he be sent to Switzerland for treatment.
Realizing that his avenues abroad were greater with the restrictions of the British, Subhas set sail for Europe on February 23, 1933.
Subhas met Mussolini in Italy and made Vienna his headquarters.
Subhas was opposed to the racial theory of Nazism but appreciated its organizational strength and discipline.
On March 27, 1936 he sailed for Bombay and but was escorted to jail immediately after disembarking.
After lying low for a year, he was able to work actively.
He attended the All India Congress Committee Session in Calcutta, the first one he attended after a lapse of nearly six years.
Time had healed the tensions between Subhas and Gandhiji, and Gandhiji supported Subhas in his efforts to become the President of the next Congress session, 1938.
It was a bold move since he was constantly under British surveillance.
Upon his return to India in February 1938, Subhas was elected President of the Indian National Congress.
He stressed the need to solve linguistic and religious prejudices and to achieve a high literacy rate amongst Indians.
The idea was criticized by Gandhiji and Nehru, which resulted in the strengthening of the Muslim League in Bengal and ultimately partition of India.
It is obvious today that had Subhas been able to carry out his plans, Bengal would be a different entity on the atlas.
Despite opposition from the Congress brass, Subhas was a favorite amongst the majority as he was re-elected for a second term in March 1939.
Subhas resigned and Dr.
Rajendra Prasad assumed the Presidency of the Congress.
In May 1939, Subhas formed the Forward Bloc within the Congress as an umbrella organization of the left forces within the Congress.
Gandhiji and his supporters accused Subhas of breach of Congress party discipline and drafted a resolution removing Subhas from the Congress Working Committee and restrained him from holding any office for three years.
On September 3, 1939 Subhas was informed that war had broken out between Britain and Germany.
Subhas discussed the idea of an underground struggle against the British with members of the Forward Bloc.
Subhas pressurized the Congress leaders to get a Declaration of War Aims from the Viceroy; he declined.
Subhas was elected President of the West Bengal Provincial Congress.
The Forward Bloc progressively became militant and by April 1940 most of its senior members were arrested.
He had made contact with radical Punjab and Pathan activists who had contacts in Afghanistan and Russia to organize a militia.
Subhas knew that Britain was in a vulnerable position following the surrender of France in June 1940.
He announced the launch of Siraj-ud-daula Day on July 3, in memory of the last king of Best freedom fighters who was defeated by Clive.
His plan was to hold a procession and to unify Hindu and Muslim nationalists.
The Government interceded and imprisoned Subhas on July 2, 1940 in Presidency Jail, Calcutta.
Netaji believed that foreign assistance was a must to free India from British rule.
In 1939, when the Second World War broke out, Subhas sought assistance from Germany, Italy, and Japan as they were enemies of Britain and thus would be natural allies.
In 1941, he evaded a house-arrest in Calcutta by disguising himself as a Maulavi and going to Kabul, Afghanistan.
Later, he procured an Italian passport and fled to Berlin, Germany.
There he met Hitler and discussed his plans and sought his assistance to free India.
He also sought assistance from Mussolini.
From time to time, he aired his speeches on the Azad Hind Radio from Berlin to communicate his intentions to fellow Indians and to prove that he was still alive.
After the defeat of Germany, Netaji realized that he could not continue his struggle from Germany anymore.
Ultimately, Netaji reached Japan in June, 1943.
He established the Indian National Army INA with some 30,000 Indian soldiers.
He also set up a radio network in South East Asia in order to appeal to the people, both in India and outside, for support.
The INA declared war against Britain and America.
However, the INA had to retreat from the Indo-Burmese border after a heavy defeat of the Japanese troops there.
The British defense was impenetrable.
On August 16, 1945 Netaji boarded a plane from Singapore to Bangkok.
The plane made a stopover in Taipei and crashed within minutes of take-off best freedom fighters Taipei.
To this day, many believe that Netaji escaped from the air crash and went into hiding.
Netaji wanted unconditional and complete freedom.
He dreamed of a classless society with no caste barriers, social inequalities or religious intolerance.
He believed in equal distribution of wealth and destruction of communalism.
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose A Rare Video Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Documentary full 2.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1869 Date of Death : Jan 30, 1948 Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born into a Hindu Modh family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India in 1869.
Growing up with a devout mother and surrounded by the Jain influences of Gujarat, Gandhi learned from an early age the tenets of non-injury to living beings, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance between members of various creeds and sects.
He was born into the vaishya, or business, caste.
They had four sons: Harilal Gandhi, born in 1888; Manilal Gandhi, born in 1892; Ramdas Gandhi, born in 1897; and Devdas Gandhi, born in 1900.
Gandhi was a mediocre student in his youth at Porbandar and later Rajkot.
He barely passed the matriculation exam for the University of Bombay in 1887, where he joined Samaldas College.
He was also unhappy at the college, because his family wanted him to become a barrister.
He was the pioneer and perfector of Satyagraha — the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience strongly founded upon ahimsa total non-violence — which led India to independence, and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Gandhi is commonly known and addressed in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi and as Bapu.
Though his elders objected, Gandhi could not be prevented from leaving; and it is said that his mother, a devout woman, made him promise that he would keep away from wine, women, and meat during his stay abroad.
Gandhi left behind his son Harilal, then a few months old.
In London, Gandhi encountered theosophists, vegetarians, and others who were disenchanted not only with industrialism, but with the legacy of Enlightenment thought.
They themselves represented the fringe elements of English society.
Gandhi was powerfully attracted to them, as he was to the texts of the major religious traditions; and ironically it is in London that he was introduced to the Bhagavad Gita.
Here, too, Gandhi showed determination and single-minded pursuit of his purpose, and accomplished his objective of finishing his degree from the Inner Temple.
He was called to the bar in 1891, and even enrolled in the High Court of London; but later that year he left for India.
After one year of a none too successful law practice, Gandhi decided to accept an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa, Dada Abdulla, to join him as a legal adviser.
Unbeknown to him, this was to become an exceedingly lengthy stay, and altogether Gandhi was to stay in South Africa for over twenty years.
Gandhi himself came to an awareness of the frightening force and fury of European racism, and how far Indians were from being considered full human beings, when he thrown out of a first-class railway compartment car, though he held a first-class ticket, at Pietermaritzburg.
From this political awakening Gandhi was to emerge as the leader of the Indian community, and it is in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance.
Gandhi was to describe himself preeminently as a votary or seeker of satya truthwhich could not be attained other than through ahimsa non-violence, love and brahmacharya celibacy, striving towards God.
Gandhi conceived of his own life as a series of experiments to forge the use of satyagraha in such a manner as to make the oppressor and the oppressed alike recognize their common bonding and humanity: as he recognized, freedom is only freedom when it is indivisible.
Gandhi returned to India in early 1915, and was never to leave the country again except for best freedom fighters short trip that took him to Europe in 1931.
Though he was not completely unknown in India, Gandhi followed the advice of his political mentor, Gokhale, and took it upon himself to acquire a familiarity with Indian conditions.
He traveled widely for one year.
Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar, where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.
Over the next two years, Gandhi initiated the non-cooperation movement, which called upon Indians to withdraw from British institutions, to return honors conferred by the British, and to learn the art of self-reliance; though the British administration was at places paralyzed, the movement was suspended in February 1922 when a score of Indian policemen were brutally killed by a large crowd at Chauri Chaura, a small market town in the United Provinces.
Gandhi himself was arrested shortly thereafter, tried on charges of sedition, and sentenced to imprisonment for six years.
At The Great Trial, as it is known to his biographers, Gandhi delivered a masterful indictment of British rule.
Owing to his poor health, Gandhi was released from prison in 1925.
Over the following years, he worked hard to preserve Hindu-Muslim relations, and in 1924 he observed, from his prison cell, a 21-day fast when Hindu-Muslim riots broke out at Kohat, a military barracks on the Northwest Frontier.
Gandhi earned the hostility of Ambedkar, the leader of the untouchables, but few doubted that Gandhi was genuinely interested in removing the serious disabilities from which they suffered, just as no one doubt that Gandhi never accepted the argument that Hindus and Muslims constituted two separate elements in Indian society.
Gandhi had ideas — mostly sound — on every subject, from hygiene and nutrition to education and labor, and he relentlessly pursued his ideas in one of the many newspapers which he founded.
Indeed, were Gandhi known for nothing else in India, he would still be remembered as one of the principal figures in the history of Indian journalism.
In early 1930, as the nationalist movement was revived, the Indian National Congress, the preeminent body of nationalist opinion, declared that it would now be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence purna swaraj.
Once the clarion call had been issued, it was perforce necessary to launch a movement of resistance against British rule.
Predictably, his letter was received with bewildered amusement, and accordingly Gandhi set off, on the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers towards Dandi on the sea.
They arrived there on April 5th: Gandhi picked up a small lump of natural salt, and so gave the signal to hundreds of thousands of people to similarly defy the law, since the British exercised a monopoly on the production and sale of salt.
This was the beginning of the civil disobedience movement: Gandhi himself was arrested, and thousands of others were also hauled into jail.
It is to break this deadlock that Irwin agreed to hold talks with Gandhi, and subsequently the British agreed to hold a Round Table Conference in London to negotiate the possible terms of Indian independence.
Gandhi went to London in 1931 and met some of his admirers in Europe, but the negotiations proved inconclusive.
On his return to India, he was once again arrested.
For the next few years, Gandhi would be engaged mainly in the constructive reform of Indian society.
He had vowed upon undertaking the salt march that he would not return to Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, where he had made his home, if India did not attain its independence, and in the mid-1930s he established himself in a remote village, in the dead center of India, by the name of Segaon known as Sevagram.
Gandhi also continued to travel throughout the country, taking him wherever his services were required.
At the outset of World War II, Gandhi and the Congress leadership assumed a position of neutrality: while clearly critical of fascism, they could not find it in themselves to support British imperialism.
Bose tendered his resignation, and shortly thereafter was to make a dramatic escape from India to find support among the Japanese and the Nazis for his plans to liberate India.
In 1942, Gandhi issued the last call for independence from British rule.
On the grounds of what is now known as August Kranti Maidan, he delivered a stirring speech, asking every Indian to lay down their life, if necessary, in the cause of freedom.
The response of the British government was to place Gandhi under arrest, and virtually the entire Congress leadership was to find itself behind bars, not to be released until after the conclusion of the war.
In the period from 1942 to 1945, the Muslim League, which represented the interest of certain Muslims and by now advocated the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims, increasingly gained the attention of the British, and supported them in their war effort.
Sensing that the political leaders were now craving for power, Gandhi largely distanced himself from the negotiations.
He declared his opposition to the vivisection of India.
It is generally conceded, even by his detractors, that the last years of his life were in some respects his finest.
Hindu and Sikh refugees had streamed into the capital from what had become Pakistan, and there was much resentment, which easily translated into violence, against Muslims.
It was partly in an attempt to put an end to the killings in Delhi, and more generally to the bloodshed following the partition, which may have taken the lives of as many as 1 million people, besides causing the dislocation of no fewer than 11 million, that Gandhi was to commence the last fast unto death of his life.
A few days later, a bomb exploded in Birla House where Gandhi was holding his evening prayers, but it caused no injuries.
However, his assassin, a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin by the name of Nathuram Godse, was not so easily deterred.
Gandhi, quite characteristically, refused additional security, and no one could defy his wish to be allowed to move around unhindered.
As he was about to mount the steps of the podium, Gandhi folded his casino biloxi paying best and greeted his audience with a namaskar; at that moment, a young man came up to him and roughly pushed aside Manu.
Nathuram Godse bent down in the gesture of an obeisance, took a revolver out of https://fablabs.ru/best/best-ac-casino-slots.html pocket, and shot Gandhi three times in his chest.
As Gandhi fell, his faithful time-piece struck the ground, and the hands of the watch came to a standstill.
They showed, as they had done before, the precise time: 5:12 P.
Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru Date of Birth : Nov 14, 1889 Date of Death : May 27, 1964 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Political party : Indian National Congress Took Office : Aug 15, 1947 Left Office : May 27, 1964 Successor : Lal Bahadur Shastri Jawaharlal Nehru also called Pandit Nehru, was an important leader of the Indian Independence Movement and the Indian National Congress, and became the first Prime Minister of India when India won its independence on August 15, 1947.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, to Swaroop Rani, the wife of Motilal Nehru, a wealthy Allahabad based barrister and political leader himself.
The Nehru family is of Kashmiri lineage and of the Saraswat Brahmin caste.
Educated in the finest Indian schools of the time, Nehru returned from education in England at Harrow, Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple to practice law before following his father into politics.
At the time of his wedding on 8 February 1916, Jawaharlal was twenty-six, a British-educated barrister.
Kamala came from a well-known business family of Kashmiris in Delhi.
His father Motilal Nehru was already a prominent figure in the Https://fablabs.ru/best/best-casino-in-lawton-oklahoma.html National Congress and had served as its president.
He began to draw closer to the rising leadership of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a former barrister who had best freedom fighters battles for equality and political rights for Indians in South Africa, and had emerged a national hero with the successful struggles in Champaran, Bihar and Kheda in Gujarat.
Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru abandoned western clothes and tastes for expensive possessions and pastimes, and adopted Hindi, or Hindustani as their common language of use.
Young Jawaharlal now wore a khadi kurta and a Gandhi cap, all white — the new uniform of the Indian nationalist.
Nehru was first arrested by the British during the Non-Cooperation Movement 1920-1922but released after a few months.
After Gandhi suspended civil resistance in 1922 as a result of the killing of policemen in Chauri Chaura, thousands of Congressmen were disillusioned.
When Gandhi opposed participation in the newly created legislative councils, many followed leaders like Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru to form the Swaraj Party, which advocated entry but only to sabotage government from within, as a tool to extracting concessions from the British to ensure stability.
But Nehru did not join his father and stayed with Gandhi and the Congress.
From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee, an important step in his rise to Congress national leadership.
With the Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, led by the rising nationalist leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Congress was back in the business of revolution.
Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose backed a call for full political independence, while Motilal Nehru and others wanted dominion status within the British Empire.
To resolve the point, Gandhi said that the British would be given two years to grant India dominion status.
If they did not, the Congress would launch a national struggle for full, political independence.
Nehru and Bose reduced the time of opportunity to one year.
The British did not respond.
When the Congress convened its session in 1929, Gandhi backed the young Jawaharlal for the Congress presidency.
Nehru was arrested best slot machines at excalibur 1930, and during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 for a number of years.
The revolt was an astounding national success.
Millions of Indians had participated, and the British were ultimately forced to acknowledge that there was a need for major political reform.
When the British promulgated the Government of India Act 1935, the Congress Party decided to contest elections.
Nehru stayed out of the elections, but campaigned vigorously nationwide for the party.
The Congress formed governments in almost every province, and won the largest number of seats in the Central Assembly, which the Congress had denounced as powerless.
But it was able to exercise control of provincial affairs, giving India its first taste of democratic self-government.
Nehru was elected again to the Congress Presidency in 1936, and again in 1937.
But the effort was strongly criticized by major Congress leaders, including Gandhi and Sardar Patel, though for different reasons.
However, Nehru had grown politically closer to Congress socialists like Jaya Prakash Narayan, Narendra Dev and the liberal-socialist Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
It is a very readable and honest account that contains many anecdotes and insights in the political and social circumstances of pre-war India.
When World War II broke out, Nehru and the Congress condemned the unilateral decision made by the British viceroy to enter India, but were divided as to what to do about it.
This was opposed by Gandhi, but marked the first occasion when Nehru, and best freedom fighters a majority of Congress leaders went against his advice.
Several British politicians and British officials backed the offer, considering Indian support valuable, but the bid failed when the British ruled out any political reform.
The Congress Party ordered all of its elected members in the Central and provincial assemblies to resign, and another national struggle seemed inevitable.
Although many other Indian political parties opposed the call, Gandhi and Sardar Patel convinced Nehru and Azad, and the entire Indian National Congress to a final showdown with the British Empire.
The Quit India Movement was launched on August 13, 1942.
The Congress made an open call for complete independence immediately.
Only an independent India would decide whether India would participate in the war.
The Congress asked all Indians to boycott British goods, the institutions and factories run by the British, public services and government programs.
Major strikes, protests and demonstrations broke out all over India, and although other political parties did not participate, it proved to be the most forceful https://fablabs.ru/best/unholy-dk-best-in-slot.html in the history of British rule.
Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were immediately arrested.
The Committee was imprisoned in a fort-turned-prison in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, separate from Gandhi, who was imprisoned in Pune.
The British had made arrangements to deport the leaders if necessary, but felt that then any chance of regaining order would be lost due to public outrage.
Outside, hundreds of thousands of Indian freedom fighters were imprisoned, and thousands were killed in police best rated casino in biloxi />Upon the end of the war, Nehru and the Congress leadership were released.
Imprisoned for a total of over 13 years, he was President of the Congress in 1929, 1936, 1937 and 1947.
He became the Vice President of the Interim Government on September 2, 1946 and later the Prime Minister of Independent India on August 15, 1947.
For children, he was Chacha uncle Nehru.
In 1946, Nehru had moved into the former residence of the British Commander in Chief of the Indian Army on York Road, in Delhi.
Over the years she became his virtual chief of staff — managing his schedule and appointments, instructing the staff of the residence and often accompanying him on foreign trips and in meetings with world leaders.
His daughter Indira Gandhi would become Prime Minister within two years of his death in 1966, and would serve for 15 years and 3 terms.
His grandson Rajiv Gandhi would hold that office from 1984 to 1989.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru Very RARE Film 4.
Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh Date of Birth : Sep 27, 1907 Date of Death : Mar 23, 1931 Place of Birth : Jalandhar Bhagat Singh September 27, 1907 — March 23, 1931 was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle.
Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family to Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in the Khatkar Kalan village near Banga in the Jalandhar district of Punjab.
His uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, as well as his father, were great freedom fighters, so Bhagat Singh grew up in a patriotic atmosphere.
He also established the secret organization, the Bharat Mata Society.
At an early age, Bhagat Singh started dreaming of uprooting the British empire.
The Ghadar Movement left a deep imprint on his mind.
Kartar Sing Sarabha, hanged at the age of 19, became his hero.
He studied in the Best casino in russia />At the age of 16, he used to wonder why so many Indians could not drive away these fistful of invaders.
In search of revolutionary groups and ideas, he met Sukhdev and Rajguru.
Bhagat Singh, along with the help of Chandrashekhar Azad, formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army HSRA.
To avenge his death, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru killed Mr.
Saunders one of the deputy officers in connection with the Simon Commission.
However, things changed, and the Britishers arrested Bhagat Singh and his friends on April 8, 1929.
He and his friends wanted to be shot dead, since they were termed as prisoners of war.
Their request was not fulfilled, and on March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh, Shivram Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged to death.
He did his best and when he was being led to the gallows, he was satisfied that he had lived up to his principles, irrespective of the consequences.
Rajendra Prasad Date of Birth : Dec 3, 1884 Date of Death : Feb 28, 1963 Place of Birth : Zeradei, Bihar Tenure Order : 1st President Took Office : Jan 26, 1950 Left Office : May 13, 1962 Successor : Dr.
Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.
Rajendra Prasad was a great freedom-fighter, and the architect of the Indian Constitution, having served as President of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution of the Republic from 1948 to 1950.
He had also served as a Cabinet Minister briefly in the first Government of Independent India.
He was a crucial leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Prasad was born in Jiradei, in the Siwan district of Bihar.
His father, Mahadev Sahay, was a Persian and Sanskrit language scholar; his mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady who would tell stories from the Ramayana to her son.
At the age of 5, the young Rajendra Prasad was sent to a Maulavi for learning Persian.
After that he was sent to Chapra Zilla School for further primary studies.
He was married at the age of 12 to Rajvanshi Devi.
He then went on to study at R.
Soon afterward, however, he rejoined the Chapra Zilla School, and it was from there that he passed the entrance examination of Calcutta University, at the age of 18.
He stood first in the first division of that examination.
He then joined the Presidency College, Calcutta.
He was initially a student of science and his teachers included J.
Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy.
Later he decided to switch his focus to the arts.
A plaque still commemorates his stay in that room.
He had been initiated into the Swadeshi movement by his brother.
He then joined the Dawn Society run by Satish Chandra Mukherjee, and Sister Nivedita.
In 1911, he joined the A.
However, his family estate was in bad condition.
He was looked upon as the provider.
But he sought permission from his brother in a letter to join the Indian freedom movement.
The shock of his brother, however, held him to the family.
In 1916, Rajendra Prasad joined the High Court of Bihar, and Orissa.
Such was his intellect and his integrity, that often when his adversary failed to cite a precedent, the judges asked Rajendra Prasad to cite a precedent against himself.
After meeting Mahatma Gandhi, he quit as a Senator of the University, much to the regret of the British Vice-Chancellor.
He also responded to the call by the Mahatma to boycott Western education by asking his son Mrityunjaya Prasad, a brilliant student to drop out of the University and enroll himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, an institution he had along with his colleagues founded on the traditional Indian model.
He wrote articles for Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers.
He toured a lot, explaining, lecturing and exhorting.
When the earthquake of Bihar occurred on January 15, 1934, Rajendra Prasad was in jail.
He was released two days later.
He set himself for the task of raising funds.
The Viceroy had also raised a fund.
The way relief was organized left nothing to be desired.
Nationalist India expressed its admiration by electing him to the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress.
After India became independent he was elected the President of India.
As President, he used his moderating influence so silently and unobtrusively that he neither reigned nor ruled.
His sister Bhagwati Devi died on the night of 25 January 1960.
She doted on her dearly-loved younger brother.
It must have taken Rajendra Prasad all his will power to have taken the Republic Day salute as usual, on the following day.
It was only on return from the parade that he set about the task of cremation.
In 1962, after 12 years as President, he announced his decision to retire.
Within months of his retirement, early in September 1962, his wife Rajvanshi Devi passed away.
Because of the enormous public adulation he enjoyed, he was referred to as Desh Ratna or the Jewel of the country.
His legacy is being ably carried forward by his great grandson Ashoka Jahnavi-Prasad, a psychiatrist and a scientist of international repute who introduced sodium valproate as a safer alternative to lithium salts in the treatment of bipolar disorders.
Dr Rajendra Prasad,Our First President,Story, Arvind 6.
Lal Bahadur Shastri Lal Bahadur Shastri Date of Birth : Oct 2, 1904 Date of Death : Jan 11, 1966 Place of Birth : Uttar Pradesh Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India and a significant figure in the struggle for independence.
Shashtriji was born in Mughalsarai, in Uttar Pradesh.
To take part in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi in 1921, he began studying at the nationalist, Kashi Vidyapeeth in Kashi, and upon completion, he was given the title Shastri, or Scholar, Doctor at Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926.
He spent almost nine years in jail in total, mostly after the start of the Satyagraha movement in 1940, he was imprisoned until 1946.
In 1951, he was appointed General Secretary of the Lok Sabha before re-gaining a ministerial post as Railways Minister.
He resigned as Minister following a rail disaster near Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu.
He returned to the Cabinet following the General Elections, first as Minister for Transport, in 1961, he became Home Minister.
Shastri worked by his natural characteristics to obtain compromises between opposing viewpoints, but in his short tenure was ineffectual in dealing with the economic crisis and food shortage in the nation.
However, he commanded a great deal of respect in the Indian populace, and he used it to advantage in pushing the Green Revolution in India; which directly led to India becoming a food-surplus nation, although he did not live to see it.
His administration began on a rocky turf.
In 1965 Pakistan attacked India on the Kashmiri front and Lal Bahadur Shastri responded in kind by punching toward Lahore.
In 1966 a cease-fire was issued as a result of international pressure.
Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent to hold talks with Ayub Khan and an agreement was soon signed.
Lal Bahadur passed away in Tashkent before returning home.
All his lifetime, he was known for his honesty and humility.
Lal Bahadur Shastri — Meeting in Tashkent 1966 7.
Chandrashekhar Azad Chandrashekhar Azad Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1906 Date of Death : Feb 27, 1931 Place of Birth : India Chandrasekhar Azad was a great Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary thinker.
Revered for his audacious deeds and fierce patriotism, he was the mentor of Bhagat Singh, the famous Indian martyr.
Chandrasekhar Azad is considered one of the greatest Indian freedom fighter along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Ram Prasad Bismil, and Ashfaqulla Khan.
He received his early schooling in Bhavra District Jhabua Madhya Pradesh.
For higher studies he went to the Sanskrit Pathashala at Varanasi.
Young Azad was one of the young generation of Indians when Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement.
But many were disillusioned with the suspension of the struggle in 1922 owing to the Chauri Chaura massacre of 22 policemen.
Although Gandhi was appalled by the brutal violence, Azad did not feel that violence was unacceptable in the struggle, especially in view of the Amritsar Massacre of 1919, where Army units killed hundreds of unarmed civilians and wounded thousands in Amritsar.
Young Azad and contemporaries like Bhagat Singh were deeply and emotionally influenced by that tragedy.
Azad and others had committed themselves to absolute independence by any means.
He was most famous for The Kakori Rail Dacoity in 1925 and the assassination of the assistant superintendent of Police John Poyantz Saunders in 1928.
Azad and his compatriots would target British officials see more for their oppressive really. best deposit rate how against ordinary people, or for beating and torturing arrested freedom fighters.
Azad was also a believer in socialism as the basis for a future India, free of social and economic oppression and adversity.
Bhagat Singh joined Azad following the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, an Indian leader who was beaten to death by police officials.
Azad trained Singh and others in covert activities, and the latter grew close to him after witnessing his resolve, patriotism and courage.
Betrayed by an informer on 27 February 1931 Azad was encircled by British troops in the Alfred park, Allahabad.
He kept on fighting till about best casino bonus ohne einzahlung improbable last bullet.
Azad is a hero to many Indians today.
Alfred Park was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad park, as have been scores of schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions across India.
Chandra Shekhar Azad Freedom Fighter 8.
His actual date of birth was never officially recorded — Patel entered October 31st as his date of birth on his matriculation examination papers.
He was the fourth son of Jhaverbhai and Ladba Patel, and lived in the village of Karamsad, in the Kheda district.
Somabhai, Narsibhai and Vithalbhai Patel also a future political leader were his elder brothers.
He had a younger brother, Kashibhai, and a sister, Dahiba.
Patel helped his father in the fields, and bimonthly kept a day-long fast, abstaining from food and water — a cultural observance that enabled him to develop physical tougheness.
Patel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad, living self-sufficiently with other boys.
He took his matriculation at the late age of 22; at this point, he was generally regarded by his elder relatives as an unambitious man destined for a commonplace job.
He would then set aside funds, travel to England, then train to become a barrister.
During the many years it took him to save money, Vallabhbhai — now a pleader — earned a reputation as a fierce and skilled lawyer.
He had also cultivated a stoic character — he lanced a painful boil without hesitation, even as the barber supposed to do it trembled.
Patel spent years away from his family, pursuing his goals assiduously.
His wife bore him a daughter, Manibehn, in 1904, and later a son, Dahyabhai, in 1906.
Patel also cared for a personal friend suffering from Bubonic plague when it swept the state.
After Patel himself came down with the disease, he immediately sent away his family to safety, left his home, and moved into an isolated house in Nadiad by other accounts, Patel spent this time in a dilapidated temple ; there, he recovered slowly.
Patel took on the financial burdens of his homestead in Karamsad even while saving for England and supporting a young family.
He made way for his brother Vithalbhai Patel to travel to England in place of him, on his own saved money and opportunity.
Her health suddenly worsened, and despite successful emergency surgery, she died.
As per others who witnessed, Patel read the note, pocketed it and continued to intensely cross-examine the witness, and won the case.
He broke the news to others only after the proceedings had ended.
Patel himself decided against marrying again.
He raised his children with the help of his family, and sent them to English-medium schools in Mumbai then Bombay.
At the age of 36, he journeyed to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple Inn in London.
Finishing a 36-month course in 30 months, Patel topped his class despite having no previous college background.
Wearing European-style clothes and urbane mannerisms, he also became a skilled bridge player at the Gujarat Club.
His close friends would include his neighbours Dr.
Balwantray and Nandubehn Kanuga, who would remain dear to him, and a young lawyer, Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar.
He had also made a pact with his brother Vithalbhai to support his entry into politics in Bombay, while Patel himself would remain in Ahmedabad and provide for the family.
Vallabhbhai Patel was a major political and social leader of India and its struggle for independence, and is credited for achieving the political integration of independent India.
In India and across the world, he is known as Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, where Sardar stands for Chief in many languages of India.
Patel organized the peasants of Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj — becoming one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat.
He rose to the leadership of the Indian National Congress and at the forefront of rebellions and political events — organizing the party for elections in 1934 and 1937, and leading Indians into the Quit India movement.
He was imprisoned by the British government on numerous occasions, especially from 1931 to 1934, and from 1942 to 1945.
Becoming the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organized relief and rehabilitation efforts in the riot-struck Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore security.
Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from a plethora of semi-independent princely states, colonial provinces and possessions.
Patel employed an iron fist in a velvet glove diplomacy — frank political negotiations backed with the option and the use of military action to weld a nation that could emancipate its people without the prospect of divisions or civil conflict.
His leadership obtained the peaceful and swift integration of all 565 princely states into the Republic of India.
His admirers call him the Iron Man of India.
The plane had made an emergency landing in the desert of Rajasthan upon an engine failure, and Patel and all passengers were safe, and traced by nearby villagers.
When Patel returned to Delhi, members of Parliament and thousands of Congressmen gave him a raucous welcome.
In Parliament, MPs gave a thunderous ovation to Patel — stopping proceedings for half an hour.
Till his last few days, he was constantly at work in Delhi.
After suffering a massive heart attack — his second — he died in Bombay on December 15th, 1950.
His cremation in Sonapur, Bombay, was best freedom fighters by large crowds, Nehru, Rajagopalachari, President Prasad and many Congressmen and freedom fighters.
Documentary: Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 9.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Date of Birth : Jul 23, 1856 Date of Death : 1920 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Bal Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Tilak sparked the fire for complete independence in Indian consciousness, and is opinion best slot machines payouts in illinois not the father of Hindu nationalism as well.
Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!
This famous quote of his is very popular and well-remembered in India even today.
He was born on July 23, 1856, in a village near Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, into a middle class Chitpavan Brahmin family.
Tilak was an avid student with a special aptitude for mathematics.
After graduation, Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune and later became a journalist.
Tilak founded the Marathi daily Kesari The Lion which fast became a popular reading for the common people of India.
Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in the 1890s, but soon fell into opposition of its liberal-moderate attitude towards the fight for self-government.
Tilak opposed the moderate views of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and was supported by fellow Indian nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal in Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab.
When arrested on charges of sedition in 1906, Tilak asked a young Mohammad Ali Jinnah to represent him.
But the British judge convicted him and he was imprisoned from 1908 to 1914 in Mandalay, Burma.
Upon his release, Tilak re-united with his fellow nationalists source re-united the Indian National Congress in 1916.
He also helped found the All India Home Rule League in 1916-18 with Annie Besant and Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
Tilak proposed various social reforms, such as a minimum age for marriage, and was especially keen to see a prohibition placed on the sale of alcohol.
His thoughts on education and Indian political life have remained highly influential — he was the first Congress leader to suggest that Hindi, written in the devanagari script, should be accepted as the sole national language of India, a policy that was later strongly endorsed by Mahatma Gandhi.
However, English, which Tilak wished to remove completely from the Indian mind, remains an important means of communication in India.
His call for boycott of foreign goods also served to inspire patriotism among Indian masses.
Although once considered an extremist revolutionary, in his later years Tilak had considerably mellowed.
He favored political dialogue and discussions as a more effective way to obtain read article freedom for India, and did not support leaving the British Empire.
However, Tilak is considered in many ways to have created the nationalist movement in India, by expanding the struggle for political freedoms and self-government to the common people of India.
Tilak was considered the political and spiritual leader of India by many, and Gandhi is considered his successor.
When Tilak died in 1920, Gandhi paid his respects at his cremation in Bombay, along with 200,000 people.
Tilak is also today considered the father of Hindu Nationalism.
He was the idol of Indian revolutionary Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, who penned the political doctrine of Hindutva.
Rare Voice Of Lokmanya Tilak.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Gopal Krishna Gokhale Date of Birth : May 9, 1866 Date of Death : 1915 Place of Birth : Maharashtra Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born on May 9, 1866, in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, and he became one of the most learned men in India, a leader of social and political reformists and one of the earliest, founding leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.
Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and the Servants of India Society.
Gokhale was a great, early Indian champion for public education.
Being one of the first generations of Indians to receive college education, Gokhale was respected widely in the nascent Indian intellecutal community and acoss India, whose people looked up to him as the least elitist of educated Indians.
Coming from a background of poverty, Gokhale was a real man of the people, a hero to young Indians discovering the new age and the prospects of the coming 20th century; he worked amongst common Indians to encourage education, sanitation and public development.
He actively spoke against ignorance, casteism and untouchability in Indian society.
Gokhale was also reputed for working for trust and friendship between Hindu and Muslim communities.
It should be remembered that Gokhale was a pioneer in this work, never done before in Indian history by Indians.
Along with distinguished colleagues like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dadabhai Naoroji, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai and Annie Besant, Gokhale fought for decades to obtain greater political representation and power over public affairs for common Indians.
He was moderate in his views and attitudes, and sought to petition the British authorities, cultivate a process of dialogue and discussion which would yield greater British respect for Indian rights.
Tilak advocated civil agitation and direct revolution to overthrow the British Empire, and the Congress Party split into two wings.
The two sides would patch up in 1916.
Gokhale did not support explicit Indian independence, for such an idea was not even understood or expressed until after the World War I.
Gokhale was famously a mentor to a young barrister who had been blooded in the work of revolution in South Africa a few years earlier.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi received great warmth and hospitality from Gokhale, including personal guidance, knowledge and understanding of India, the issues of common Indians and Indian politics.
By 1920, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi would become known as Mahatma Gandhi, and ad the leader of nationalist Indians and the largest non-violent revolution in the history of the world.
However, Gokhale himself died in 1915.
Anyhow Mr Shivansh tiwari, you have atleast taught to add the name of women in this list.
Hi Raju, I completely agree with you, do not expect that somebody should come and save the country, it is only the collective will and efforts of common citizens like you and me who should take up these issues and try to find a solution for the problems we are facing today.
I agree to u bro my name is akash kaman really people are wasting their time many other unnessosary things 1 vasudev balavant fadke 2 lokmanya bal gagadhar tilak 3 mahatma fule 4 netaji shubhashchandra bose 5 swatyantrya veer savarkar 6 lal bahadur shashtri 7 bhagat singh theese r the real freedom fighter but gandhi is not a fighter because he was a only simple indian….
Freedom fight can be different ways.
Path Gandhiji chose was travel all over India and tried to explain the problems that India was facing during that period.
Path chosen by Bhagat, Chandrasekhar etc was militant action.
Path chosen by Subhash Chandra Bose was by creating Azad Hind Fouz Military Action.
Everybody had their own paths and did work for freedom.
We are not the people to decide whether they were good leaders or bad leaders.
U ARE WRONG WITHOUT GANDHI THIS FREEDOM AND WAR I WILL NOT TO END.
EACH AND EVERY PERSONS ARE IMPORTANT FOR THIS WAR AND FREEDOM Hello Mr, I really do not why have you given ranking like this?
Subhas chandra bose sacrifice his high posting Indian Civil Service ,Congress president and also post independence prime minister.
He is the real hero.
Great leader with unbeleivable courage.
Highly intelligent and medernised thinking.
Even our great narayan murthy of Infosys has agreed upon this.
My Ranking 1 Nethaji Subhas chadra Bose 2 Gandiji 3 Bagat Singh 4 Sardar Vallabhai Patel 5 Shastri 6 Bala Gangadhar Tilak 7 Chandra Shekar Azad I really agree with you Vinay.
He put his life in danger for many times.
Even in those years he travelled to Berlin,Russia,Japan by Submarine.
Those days it used to take 3 months.
Why all this was required for him.
Having got married to Austrian and being a highly qualified and rank student in ICS.
He coined Jai Hind.
His music portrayed in International conference was later become of our National Anthem music.
Only Indian who dared Britishes.
Even the trials of his INA in 1946 made our British indian army Indians to realize about their duties.
This helped us to achieve Independence.
It was accepted by then British prime minister Atlee.
He is all times great.
He was not given the due respect that he was deserved.
Hello Sachin, I really agree that Nethaji is number 1 in the list because of the following reason: THE Indian struggle for Independence saw many heroes emerge.
Some took the path of non-violence like Gandhiji, some chose the political arena like Nehru, some fought battles like Rani Lakshmibai, somebecame spiritual seekers like Sri Aurobindo and some took to literature like Subramaniya Bharati.
But if there was one person who managed to leave his mark at all avenues of the freedom struggle, it was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
The generals of the Indian National Army were brought by the British colonial power in court, they hanged 3 INA majors in 1946.
This was the major mistake British has done.
Because of this, there was a nationwide protest.
In addition to mass demonstrations there was a mutiny in the Royal Navy.
First Indian nationalism on Indian soldiers had jumped previously regarded as brave and loyal.
The British therefore issued a general amnesty for the armed forces personnel.
Many historians belevied that this was the main reason for Indias Independence though there were several other reasons.
But the ranking given here is based on the activities to serve for our freedom.
Hello Vinay and Sachin, I really agree with you.
Both Gandhiji and Subhas chandra Bose were followed by masses.
Nethaji is considerd to be greatest leader ever world has produced for Japanese.
He is the true leader,an visionary.
He made the concept of Army, otherwise our country would have been like Africa.
He is selfless great legend for which he has special person of millions of Indians.
HI hello u know the hand behind Nethajis vision is swatyantrya veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, once Nethajis and saverkar were on same Dias, it was a time of secound world war.
I read a lot of Freedom books and found this facts that during the first election in Congress for PMSardar Patel had most votes.
Nehru threatened Gandhi for making him PM or else he will break Congress and leak inner secrets to British.
BHARAT MATHA KI JAI.
IAM PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN.
I LOVE MY COUNTRY.
I FEEL GREAT THAT I WAS BORN IN INDIA.
I SALUTE MY NATION WITH PROUD.
South indians starts freedom fight against ….
I am very upset…….
All boys are not always fond of falling in love with girls and moreover girls are not fond of impressing boys.
I love the details gn in this blog.
Bharatha Matha ki jai…!
SWETHA I agree all are freedom fighters only but this type ranking i wont accept and camparison is not good This is Lord Macale Education, We can ranked our Freedom Fighter.
Just we put a list of freedom fighters.
And he is the best freedom fighter India.
I love India and I also like the freedom fighter mother teresa Panini Prajna,Sambalpur,ODISHA—Our indian fighter r bravy and very strong.
They devote his life for click here nation.
But now a days Maximum Politician r devote for himself……thats not good.
YOU IDIOT BHUSHANMH9, GHANDHIJI WAS THE BIGGEST FIGHTER OF THEM ALL!!!!
FOR HE WAS THE FIRST TO WIN A WAR WITH PEACE AND THAT IS HOW A TRUE FIGHTER SHOULD BE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Certainly as every says even i feel proud to be called as Indian.
Well i wont say that all our fighters are past but we at least being Indians at present as youngsters lets still fight for our country.
Hope everyone agrees that still our country is not free from corruption.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Nehru was ner a politician……he was a crooked power broker working for himself best freedom fighters />He fought the British only when he saw their women around.
This fool created Kashmir by fingering the pimp called Hari Singh.
NEHRU WAS A POWER DALAL!!!
Top 5 Freedom Fighters — 1 Bhagat Singh 2 Chandrashekhar Azad 3 Sardar Patel 4 Rajendra Prasad 5 Lal Bahadur Shastri Pandit Nehru is not a Freedom Fighter because he was the one who started politics.
During Election, Sardar Patel had the most votes in Congress.
Pandit Nehru threatened Gandhi to make him PM or he will break the congress.
Gandhi is also not a Freedom Fighter because his point was only FREEDOM.
He did not think what will happen later.
Somebody comment on this one!!!
Nice comments, relating to subject.
THE FIRST BORN REVOLUTIONIST.
AND IN VICTORY OF FREEDOM…IT WAS BOSE….
AT FIRST Amar kumar guys you all are wrong ,the first freedom fighter was Matadin bhangi{valmiki} and the second one mangal pandey in 1847….
Can you say that we can rank Indians because of their love for India?
NO, we all love India equally and do our best in our own way to make it a better place.
If all Indians think like this about ranking, India will never get anywhere in the world!
I respect all the Freedom Fighters.
There should not be a comparison between the Freedom Fighters like Top Fighters or Bottom Fighters.
Jwahar Lal Nehru should not be at 3rd actually he should not be in the list!!!!
Jawaharlal Nehru was not a freedom fighter……he was a pilitical agent before independece, power broker, who created the cancer called Kashmir.
To know Netaji, read his facts on Wekipedia and any other bolgs of credibility!!!
The list gives prizes to some very average freedom fighters but forgets top contributors: a Veer Savarkar for his daring escape from the British steamer at Marseilles b Kumar Singh, King of Jagdishpur: Was driven out of his kingdom Jagdishpur in 1857 by the British when he was 80 years old and ailing only to come back from the jungles trained with a guerilla army to drive out the British best freedom fighters reclaim his territory c Vasudeo Balwant Phadke: First armed revolutionary of India d Mangal Pandey: Pioneer of the revolt of 1857 e Madanlal Dhingra: Ran revolutionary group Abhinav Bharat with Savarkar in London and shot Curzon Wylie f Chapekar Brothers: Shot at British Commisioner Mr.
Rand and were sentenced to death g Azimullah Khan: Sided with Nana Saheb Peshwa, Tatya Tope and Bahadurshah Zafar to capture Peshawar to Cooch Behar from the British.
He in turn replied that he will cut of the hands of whosoever attempts to wage jihad on the Hindus.
THEY ALL SACRIFICED, BUT NOW OUR POLITICIANS ARE MAKING FIGHT AMONG OURSELVES.
CAN YOU SEE IT?
WHAT IS THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THESE POLITICIANS WHO DID NOT CONTRIBUTED ANYTHING TO THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE?
THOSE WHO TALK NOW WERE ALSO BORN.
NO ASK OR LIST OPENLY HOW MAJORITY OF THE FAMILY OF FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE STILL HUNGRY, UNEMPLOYED, WITHOUT SHELTERS.
AT LEAST CARING THEM WILL INSPIRE AND KEEP THE STRUGGLE ON OF FREEDOM IN FUTURE.
HOPE OUR CARING GOVERNMENT WILL TAKE A SPEEDY DECISION AS MANY FREEDOM FIGHTERS ARE NO MORE AND LET THEM SEE THEIR FAMILY HONERS.
Mera que sabhi logo se hai Kya desh ko Azad karane me totally HINDU hi they ya MUSLIM ya SIKH bhi they?

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A freedom fighter is a person engaged in a resistance movement against what they believe to be an oppressive and illegitimate government.
Here are some of the excellent freedom fighters.
Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 2 October 1869 — 30 January 1948 was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.
Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
The honorific Mahatma applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa.
Now it is used worldwide.
He best downloads slots diwip also called Bapu in India.
He was born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, western India and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London.
Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km Dandi Salt March in 1930 and later best freedom fighters calling for the British to Quit India in 1942.
He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha.
He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest.
Indians widely describe Gandhi as the father of the nation.
His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday and world-wide as the International Day of Nonviolence.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal Gangadhar Tilak 23 July 1856 — 1 August 1920 born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak.
He was an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist.
He was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement.
Tilak being a strong vocal advocate of Swaraj, did not see eye to eye with Https://fablabs.ru/best/best-way-to-play-penny-slot-machines.html Gandhi on the means of achieving independence.
Born into a Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj.
Lala Lajpat Rai was killed at the hands of the police.
Bhagat Best freedom fighters wanted revenge for this incidence.
He became involved in the murder of the Best freedom fighters Police Officer John Saunders.
The police tried to capture him.
However, Bhagat Singh was successful in avoiding arrest.
He made a plan to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly.
He partnered with Batukeshwar Dutt for this task.
He bombarded the assembly with two bombs.
They were shouting slogans of revolution and threw pamphlets.
After the bombarding, they surrendered.
He underwent a 116 day fast in jail and so he did not have food for that long.
He did this to demand equal political rights for both British and Indian political prisoners.
He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder, aged 23.
His legacy prompted youth in India to begin fighting for Indian independence and he continues to be a youth idol in modern India.
Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru 14 November 1889 — 27 May 1964 check this out the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the best freedom fighters century.
He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as best freedom fighters independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964.
During his lifetime, he was popularly known as Pandit Nehru or as Panditji, while many Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru.
Nehru was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple where he trained to be a barrister.
Upon his return to India, he enrolled at osrs best glove item Allahabad High Court and took an interest in national politics which eventually replaced his legal practice.
Bhimrao Ambedkar 14 April 1891 — 6 December 1956popularly known as Babasaheb.
He was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables Dalitswomen and labour.
In his early career he was an economist, professor, and lawyer.
best casino belgie 1956 he converted to Buddhism, initiating mass conversions of Dalits.